Plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in the preruminant calf, Bos spp: density distribution, physicochemical properties, and the in vivo evaluation of the contribution of the liver to lipoprotein homeostasis.

Abstract

The in vivo role of the liver in lipoprotein homeostasis in the preruminant calf, a functional monogastric, has been evaluated. To this end, the hydrodynamic and physicochemical properties, density distribution, apolipoprotein content, and flow rates of the various lipoprotein particle species were determined in the hepatic afferent (portal vein and hepatic artery) and efferent (hepatic vein) vessels in fasting, 3-week-old male preruminant calves. Plasma lipoprotein profiles were established by physicochemical analyses of a series of subfractions isolated by isopycnic density gradient ultracentrifugation. Triglyceride-rich very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) (d less than 1.018 g/ml) were minor plasma constituents (approximately 1% or less of total d less than 1.180 g/ml lipoproteins). The major apolipoproteins of VLDL were apoB-like species, while the complement of minor components included bovine apoA-I and apoC-like peptides. Particles with diameters (193-207 A) typical of low density lipoproteins (LDL) were present over the density interval 1.026-1.076 g/ml; however, only LDL of d 1.026-1.046 g/ml were present as a unique and homogeneous size subspecies, containing the two apoB-like species as major protein components in addition to elevated cholesteryl ester contents. LDL represented approximately 10% of total d less than 1.180 g/ml lipoproteins in fasting plasma from all three hepatic vessels. Overlap in the density distribution of particles with the diameters of LDL and of high density lipoproteins (HDL) occurred in the density range from 1.046 to 1.076 g/ml; these HDL particles were 130-150 A in diameter. HDL were the major plasma particles (approximately 90% of total d less than 1.180 g/ml substances) and presented as two distinct populations which we have termed light (HDLL) and heavy (HDLH) HDL. Light HDL (d 1.060-1.091 g/ml) ranged in size from 120 to 140 A, and were distinguished by their high cholesteryl ester (29-33%) and low triglyceride (1-3%) contents; apoA-I was the principal apolipoprotein. Small amounts of apolipoproteins with Mr less than 60,000, including apoC-like peptides, were also present. Heavy HDL (d 1.091-1.180 g/ml) accounted for almost half (47%) of total calf HDL, and like HDLL, were also enriched in cholesteryl ester and apoA-I; they ranged in size from 93 to 120 A. The protein moiety of HDLH was distinct in its possession of an apoA-IV-like protein (Mr 42,000). Blood flow rates were determined by electromagnetic flowmetry, thereby permitting determination of net lipoprotein balance across the liver. VLDL were efficiently removed during passage through the liver (net uptake 1.06 mg/min per kg body weight).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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@article{Bauchart1989PlasmaLA, title={Plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in the preruminant calf, Bos spp: density distribution, physicochemical properties, and the in vivo evaluation of the contribution of the liver to lipoprotein homeostasis.}, author={Dominique Bauchart and Denys Durand and P Michel Laplaud and Patricia Forgez and S Goulinet and Marianne J. Chapman}, journal={Journal of lipid research}, year={1989}, volume={30 10}, pages={1499-514} }