Plant Viruses Transmitted by Thrips

  title={Plant Viruses Transmitted by Thrips},
  author={David R. Jones},
  journal={European Journal of Plant Pathology},
  • David R. Jones
  • Published 1 October 2005
  • Biology
  • European Journal of Plant Pathology
All thrips (order Thysanoptera) that are known to be vectors of plant viruses are identified and described. Thrips transmit plant viruses in the Tospovirus, Ilarvirus, Carmovirus, Sobemovirus and Machlomovirus genera. Tospoviruses are the cause of a number of significant emerging diseases, such as capsicum chlorosis and scape blight of onion. They infect thrips as well as plant hosts and the relationship between pathogen and vector is intimate. Once infected at the larval stage, adult thrips… 

Thrips Vectors of Tospoviruses

The goal of this manuscript is to provide a comprehensive and updated list of thrips species that serve as vectors of tospoviruses along with information pertaining to common names, key diagnostic characters, distribution, important crops economically affected, and thrips and Tospovirus -induced symptoms.

Importance and epidemiology of tomato spotted wilt virus

Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is the most economically important plant viruses from genus Tospovirus and infects a wide range of very significant agricultural crops.

A global invasion by the thrip, Frankliniella occidentalis: Current virus vector status and its management

This review discusses the current global status of the viruses vectored by this thrip species, examines the mechanisms involved in transmitting virus‐induced diseases by thrips, and reviews different management strategies, highlighting the potential management tactics developed for various cropping systems.

Role of the Insect Supervectors Bemisia tabaci and Frankliniella occidentalis in the Emergence and Global Spread of Plant Viruses.

The plant virus-supervector interaction offers exciting opportunities for basic research and global implementation of generalized disease management strategies to reduce economic and environmental impacts.

Soybean Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Harbor Highly Diverse Populations of Arthropod, Fungal and Plant Viruses

Assessment of the virome of soybean thrips provides, for the first time, information on the diversity of viruses present in thrips, and suggests they feed on and acquire viruses from multiple host plant species that could be transmitted to soybean.

Identification of Taeniothrips eucharii ( Thysanoptera : Thripidae ) as a Vector of Hippeastrum chlorotic ringspot virus in Southern China

Hippeastrum chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRV) is a putative new member of the genus Tospovirus, which was first identified infecting Hymenocallis littoralis in Yunnan Province, southwestern China.

Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Iris yellow spot virus (genus: Tospovirus, family: Bunyaviridae) in onions

Thrips tabaci appeared to be the main thrips vector of Iris yellow spot virus in both Georgia and India, and transmission studies of IYSV indicate that T. tabaci can inoculate onion plants very efficiently, achieving 64% successful transmission in 15 minutes.

Known and Potential Invertebrate Vectors of Raspberry Viruses

There are still multiple aspects of this topic that require further studies to get a better understanding of the interactions among the viral pathogens, invertebrate vectors, and non-vectors in the raspberry agroecosystem.

Tospoviruses in the Mediterranean area.




Distinct efficiencies of Impatiens necrotic spot virus transmission by five thrips vector species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) of tospoviruses in Japan.

Results show that the transmission of INSV may be characteristic of the genus Frankliniella, and that F. occidentalis is probably the primary vector of INSv in Japan.

Distinct levels of specificity in thrips transmission of tospoviruses.

Frankliniella occidentalis appeared to be the most efficient vector for the four tospovirus species tested, and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed that virus could be readily detected in transmitting adult thrips.

First Report of Frankliniella fusca as a Vector of Impatiens necrotic spot tospovirus.

The results demonstrate that tobacco thrips can serve as a vector of INSV, with the latter being the predominant vector species in Georgia and other parts of the region.

The Identification of the Vector Species of Iris Yellow Spot Tospovirus Occurring on Onion in Brazil.

Three thrips species, Thrips tabaci, Frankliniella schultzei, and F. occidentalis, that are major vegetable and floral crop pests in the Federal District, Brazil, were tested for their ability to transmit the IYSV virus by leaf disk assay, and T. tabaci showed potential for a high capacity to transmit tospovirus on onion isolate.

Effects of thrips feeding on tospovirus transmission in chrysanthemum

Large and significant differences were found in TSWV transmission competencies between fourteen F. occidentalis populations which originated from different countries all over the world, and these differences were not affected by the amount of virus ingested or the host used as virus source.

So many thrips – so few tospoviruses ?

Questions are raised concerning where, when, how, and how often the thrips/ tospovirus associations originated.

Studies on plant virus diseases1

Evidence is presented which indicates that the ringspot virus previously described from Solatium capsicastrum is identical with the tomato virus known in Australia as spotted wilt.

Plant Viruses Transmitted by Whiteflies

The names, abbreviations and synonyms of the whitefly-transmitted viruses are presented in tabulated form together with details of their whitefly vectors, natural hosts and distribution.

The Plant Virus Tomato Spotted Wilt Tospovirus Activates the Immune System of Its Main Insect Vector, Frankliniella occidentalis

The WFT's immune system is activated by TSWV infection, the first report of the activation of an insect vector immune response by a plant virus, and may lead to a better understanding of insects' immune responses against viruses.

Distribution and Transmission of Iris yellow spot virus.

Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV), a new tospovirus associated with a disease in onion (Allium cepa) that is known to growers in Israel as "straw bleaching," was identified and further characterized by