Planning law, power, and practice: Haussmann in Paris (1853–1870)

@article{Paccoud2016PlanningLP,
  title={Planning law, power, and practice: Haussmann in Paris (1853–1870)},
  author={Antoine Paccoud},
  journal={Planning Perspectives},
  year={2016},
  volume={31},
  pages={341 - 361}
}
The transformation of Paris by Haussmann (1853–1870) is presented as a classic case of state-led modernization. What most accounts do not take into consideration is that Haussmann faced formidable opposition from property owners in his attempts to realize the emperor's ambitions for Paris, an opposition that centred on competing interpretations and uses of planning law. Based on heretofore unstudied archival material, this paper traces Haussmann's attempts to establish his (at times) creative… 
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