Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity

@article{Rockstrm2009PlanetaryBE,
  title={Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity},
  author={Johan Rockstr{\"o}m and Will Steffen and Kevin J Noone and {\AA}sa Persson and F Stuart Chapin and Eric F. Lambin and Timothy M. Lenton and Marten Scheffer and Carl Folke and Hans Joachim Schellnhuber and Bj{\"o}rn Nykvist and Cynthia A. de Wit and Terry P. Hughes and Sander van der Leeuw and Henning Rodhe and Sverker S{\"o}rlin and Peter K. Snyder and Robert Costanza and Uno Svedin and Malin Falkenmark and Louise Karlberg and Robert W. Corell and Victoria J. Fabry and James Hansen and Brian H. Walker and Diana M. Liverman and Katherine Richardson and Paul J. Crutzen and Jonathan A. Foley},
  journal={Ecology and Society},
  year={2009},
  volume={14},
  pages={32}
}
Anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System have reached a scale where abrupt global environmental change can no longer be excluded. We propose a new approach to global sustainability in which we define planetary boundaries within which we expect that humanity can operate safely. Transgressing one or more planetary boundaries may be deleterious or even catastrophic due to the risk of crossing thresholds that will trigger non-linear, abrupt environmental change within continental- to planetary… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

HESS Opinions: A planetary boundary on freshwater use is misleading
TLDR
A planetary boundary on freshwater use is disapproved and actively refuted by the hydrological and water resources community as long as Earth system science does not present compelling evidence, and the exercise of assigning actual numbers to such a boundary is arbitrary, premature, and misleading. Expand
Exploring the planetary boundary for chemical pollution.
TLDR
It is submitted that sufficient evidence shows stresses on ecosystem and human health at local to global scales, suggesting that conditions are transgressing the safe operating space delimited by a PBCP, and current local toglobal pollution control measures are insufficient. Expand
The Water Planetary Boundary: Interrogation and Revision
The planetary boundaries framework proposes quantified guardrails to human modification of global environmental processes that regulate the stability of the planet and has been considered inExpand
On the System Properties of the Planetary Boundaries
THE PLANETARY BOUNDARIES Rockström et al. (2009) identified a set of critical sustainability issues where perturbations resulting from human activities present a risk of unacceptable globalExpand
Integrating the Water Planetary Boundary With Water Management From Local to Global Scales
TLDR
A cross‐scale approach by which the water planetary boundary could guide sustainable water management and governance at subglobal contexts defined by physical features, political borders, or commercial entities is developed. Expand
Approaches to defining a planetary boundary for biodiversity
TLDR
It is shown how biodiversity's role in supporting a safe operating space for humanity may lie primarily in its interactions with other boundaries, suggesting an immediate area of focus for scientists and policymakers. Expand
Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet
TLDR
An updated and extended analysis of the planetary boundary (PB) framework and identifies levels of anthropogenic perturbations below which the risk of destabilization of the Earth system (ES) is likely to remain low—a “safe operating space” for global societal development. Expand
Safe operating space for humanity at a regional scale
The planetary boundaries framework defined safe limits to human impacts on essential Earth-system processes. Subsequent assessments concluded that impacts exceed most delineated boundaries. SocietalExpand
From Planetary Boundaries to national fair shares of the global safe operating space — How can the scales be bridged?
Abstract The planetary boundaries framework proposes quantitative global limits to the anthropogenic perturbation of crucial Earth system processes, and thus marks out a planetary safe operatingExpand
How Defining Planetary Boundaries Can Transform Our Approach to Growth
Our planetʼs ability to provide an accommodating environment for humanity is being challenged by our own activities. The environment—our life-support system—is changing rapidly from the stableExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 215 REFERENCES
Oceanic acidification affects marine carbon pump and triggers extended marine oxygen holes
TLDR
A simulation-model-based assessment of the respective consequences of a business-as-usual fossil-fuel-burning scenario where a total of 4,075 Petagrams of carbon is released into the atmosphere during the current millennium, focusing on quantifying 3 major concomitant effects. Expand
Global analysis of river systems: from Earth system controls to Anthropocene syndromes.
  • M. Meybeck
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2003
Continental aquatic systems from rivers to the coastal zone are considered within two perspectives: (i) as a major link between the atmosphere, pedosphere, biosphere and oceans within the EarthExpand
Target atmospheric CO2: Where should humanity aim?
Paleoclimate data show that climate sensitivity is ~3 deg-C for doubled CO2, including only fast feedback processes. Equilibrium sensitivity, including slower surface albedo feedbacks, is ~6 deg-CExpand
On avoiding dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead
  • V. Ramanathan, Y. Feng
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
Even the most aggressive CO2 mitigation steps as envisioned now can only limit further additions to the committed warming, but not reduce the already committed GHGs warming of 2.4°C. Expand
The Earth System: Sustaining Planetary Life-Support Systems
The Earth as a whole can be viewed as a social-ecological system; in fact, the largest such system that can exist. The increasing evidence that human activities are now interacting with the naturalExpand
Challenges of a changing Earth
The scientific communities of four international global change research programmes [the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme on GlobalExpand
Century-scale nitrogen and phosphorus controls of the carbon cycle
Abstract In recent decades, humans have become a very important force in the Earth system, demonstrating that emissions (gaseous, liquid, and solid) are the cause of many of our environmental issues.Expand
Imminent ocean acidification in the Arctic projected with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model
Abstract. Ocean acidification from the uptake of anthropogenic carbon is simulated for the industrial period and IPCC SRES emission scenarios A2 and B1 with a global coupled carbon cycle-climateExpand
Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
TLDR
As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided. Expand
Southern Ocean acidification: A tipping point at 450-ppm atmospheric CO2
  • B. Mcneil, R. Matear
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
A large-scale Southern Ocean observational analysis shows an intense wintertime minimum in CO32− south of the Antarctic Polar Front and when combined with anthropogenic CO2 uptake is likely to induce aragonite undersaturation when atmospheric CO2 levels reach ≈450 ppm. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...