# Plane fronted limit of spherical electromagnetic and gravitational waves

@article{Hogan2021PlaneFL, title={Plane fronted limit of spherical electromagnetic and gravitational waves}, author={Peter A. Hogan and Dirk Puetzfeld}, journal={Physical Review D}, year={2021} }

We demonstrate how plane fronted waves with colliding wave fronts are the asymptotic limit of spherical electromagnetic and gravitational waves. In the case of the electromagnetic waves we utilize Bateman’s representation of radiative solutions of Maxwell’s vacuum field equations. The gravitational case involves a novel form of the radiative Robinson–Trautman solutions of Einstein’s vacuum field equations.

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