Pituitary apoplexy: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management.

  title={Pituitary apoplexy: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management.},
  author={Andr{\'e}a Glezer and M D Bronstein},
  journal={Archives of endocrinology and metabolism},
  volume={59 3},
Pituitary apoplexy is characterized by sudden increase in pituitary gland volume secondary to ischemia and/or necrosis, usually in a pituitary adenoma. Most cases occur during the 5th decade of life, predominantly in males and in previously unknown clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas. There are some predisposing factors as arterial hypertension, anticoagulant therapy and major surgery. Clinical picture comprises headache, visual impairment, cranial nerve palsies and hypopituitarism… CONTINUE READING