Pistachios for Health

@article{HernndezAlonso2016PistachiosFH,
  title={Pistachios for Health},
  author={Pablo Hern{\'a}ndez‐Alonso and M{\'o}nica Bull{\'o} and Jordi Salas-Salvad{\'o}},
  journal={Nutrition Today},
  year={2016},
  volume={51},
  pages={133 - 138}
}
Human beings have known about pistachio nuts since 6000 bc. Since then, pistachios have been systematically incorporated into the diet of various cultures. They are nutrient-dense nuts with a healthy nutritional profile that contains fiber, unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidant compounds. 
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Importers claim that each year they could process and sell approximately 15,000 tons ot pistachio nuts it they were available. Presently, only a small quantity are produced commercially in
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TLDR
Nuts are nutrient rich foods with wide-ranging cardiovascular and metabolic benefits, which can be readily incorporated into healthy diets and may even help in weight loss.
Measured energy value of pistachios in the human diet
TLDR
Pistachio nuts contain less metabolisable energy than that calculated from the Atwater general factors, which is 5 % less than the currently accepted energy value of 23·7 kJ/g, as calculated using the Atwaters general factors.
Effects of almond and pistachio consumption on gut microbiota composition in a randomised cross-over human feeding study
TLDR
The effect of pistachio consumption on gut microbiota composition was much stronger than that of almond consumption and included an increase in the number of potentially beneficial butyrate-producing bacteria.
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TLDR
The cell walls of almond seeds reduce lipid bioaccessibility by hindering the release of lipid available for digestion through mechanical disruption, chewing, and digestion.
Pistachio Nut Consumption and Serum Lipid Levels
TLDR
A diet consisting of 15% of calories as pistachio nuts (about 2–3 ounces per day) over a four week period can favorably improve some lipid profiles in subjects with moderate hypercholesterolemia and may reduce risk of coronary disease.
Effects of pistachio nuts consumption on plasma lipid profile and oxidative status in healthy volunteers.
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TLDR
Preliminary evidence suggests that nuts are especially evident when they are consumed as snacks, leading to strong compensatory dietary responses, inefficiency in absorption of the energy they contain, a possible increment in resting energy expenditure, and an augmentation of fat oxidation.
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