Piriformis Syndrome: A Cause of Nondiscogenic Sciatica

  title={Piriformis Syndrome: A Cause of Nondiscogenic Sciatica},
  author={Shane P Cass},
  journal={Current Sports Medicine Reports},
  • Shane P Cass
  • Published 1 January 2015
  • Medicine
  • Current Sports Medicine Reports
Piriformis syndrome is a nondiscogenic cause of sciatica from compression of the sciatic nerve through or around the piriformis muscle. Patients typically have sciatica, buttocks pain, and worse pain with sitting. They usually have normal neurological examination results and negative straight leg raising test results. Flexion, adduction, and internal rotation of the hip, Freiberg sign, Pace sign, and direct palpation of the piriformis cause pain and may reproduce symptoms. Imaging and… 
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[The piriformis syndrome].
A rare mentioned and therefore and often overlooked cause of low back pain with sciatica. The piriformis muscle arises from the anterior surface of the sacrum and inserts on the superior border of
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Abdominal and urogenital diseases can often be the cause of lower back pain and sciatic-like symptoms.
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