Piracy, state capacity and root causes

  title={Piracy, state capacity and root causes},
  author={Nikolaos Biziouras},
  journal={African Security Review},
  pages={111 - 122}
By comparing the Somali experience of piracy with the emerging situation in the Gulf of Guinea, I show that increases in the enforcement aspects of state capacity in the Gulf of Guinea states are necessary but not sufficient tools to combat the emergence, growth, and institutionalisation of piracy. Such tools would require state-building measures that would minimise the incentives of individuals to join piracy organisations and they would have to effectively deal with youth unemployment, income… 
Maritime security and capacity building in the Gulf of Guinea: On comprehensiveness, gaps, and security priorities
ABSTRACT It is widely acknowledged that maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea is a highly complex phenomenon involving a variety of issues (legal deficiencies, inadequate military equipment, and
Understanding Somali piracy through cognitive resources theory
One of the many ways to achieve group normalcy and commitment is by imposing the diya and heer codes – a long-established system of norms and honour within Somalian clans.
Maritime Boundaries and Maritime Security
Delimitation of maritime boundaries is a complex process and worldwide a great number of maritime boundaries remain to be delimited. In some instances situations of outstanding delimitation may rise
Piratería marítima en el Golfo de Guinea: el conflicto del Delta del Níger como detonante de su génesis y evolución
espanolLa pirateria maritima del golfo de Guinea tiene su epicentro en el Delta del Niger. Medio siglo de explotacion petrolifera en la zona ha ocasionado una degradacion medioambiental, limitando el
A questão securitária no Golfo da Guiné: Identificação de ameaças e implicações para o Atlântico Sul
O Golfo da Guine, que possui um contingente populacional signi?cativo e um enorme potencial de exploracao de recursos naturais, tem grande relevância no processo de retomada de importância do


Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa
Abstract : Piracy off the Horn of Africa has been on the rise over the last two decades. The reason behind this is the failure of the international community to focus on the hub of the region's
The Business of Piracy in Somalia
Abstract This article argues that understanding why Somali piracy has resisted control efforts requires understanding that it is a criminal business rather than a conventional international security
Small Boats, Weak States, Dirty Money: Piracy and Maritime Terrorism in the Modern World
Many believe that pirates and other water-bound terrorists present a significant threat to international maritime security. Testing the validity of this claim, Martin N. Murphy scrutinizes recent
The study of politics, or political science, focuses on both the abstract theories and practical operation of government and politics. The phenomenon of piracy on the east and west coasts of Africa
Maritime security and international law in Africa
Ships and those who sail in them face many potential dangers, both from the natural perils of the sea and from the results of human conduct, which demand a precautionary response from seafaring
Sea piracy and maritime security in the Horn of Africa: The Somali coast and Gulf of Aden in perspective
The security of national and international waterways cannot be overemphasised, for obvious reasons. The ocean serves as a medium of transportation, a source of economic exploitation of such mineral
TOWARD AN AFRICAN MARITIME ECONOMY: Empowering the African Union to Revolutionize the African Maritime Sector
Abstract : The high profile of Somali piracy has brought the issue of African maritime security to the attention of world leaders and citizens. This crisis, however, is not the only challenge facing
Freakonomics of Maritime Piracy
People respond to incentives, which are the cornerstone of modern life. In his best-selling book Freakonomics, economist Steven Levitt suggests that if we strip away a layer or two from contemporary
Adapting to Regional Enforcement: Fishing Down the Governance Index
This is the first study of long-term change in the modus operandi of IUU fishing operators, illustrating that IUU operators can adapt to enforcement actions and that such dynamics may lead to new problems elsewhere, where countries have a limited capacity.