Pipette tip solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of flavonoids from Epimedii herba in rat serum and application of the technique to pharmacokinetic studies.

Abstract

Epimedii herba is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of osteoporosis. Epimedin A, B and C and icariin are the primary effective ingredients of this medicine. In this study, a simple and low-cost method based on pipette tip solid-phase extraction, high-performance liquid chromatography separation, and diode array detection has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of four flavonoids (epimedin A, B and C and icariin) from Epimedii herba in rat serum samples. In this novel extraction configuration, the sorbents were placed between a filter (hollow fiber) and the pipette tip. Pipette tip solid-phase extraction has several advantages compared to conventional extraction methods: faster extraction time (6.0min); lower sample volume (100μL); lower solvent volume (100μL); and less solvent waste. Under the optimum extraction conditions, the method showed good linearity (0.05-10.0μgmL(-1)), acceptable intra- and inter precision (RSD<6%), low limits of quantification (0.027-0.045μgmL(-1)) and satisfactory relative recoveries (98.63-103.18%). This method was successfully applied to investigate the pharmacokinetics of the major flavonoids in Epimedii herba extract after oral administration to rats (10gkg(-1) body weight). The primary pharmacokinetic parameters for rats were determined as follows: Cmax, 0.45-4.11μgmL(-1); Tmax, 0.21-0.26h; t1/2α, 0.06-0.12h; t1/2β, 2.02-3.48h; AUC0-∞: 0.50-2.58μghmL(-1); CL, 19.53-44.72Lkg(-1)h(-1); and MRT0-∞, 2.25-3.77h. The developed method has the potential to promulgate the pharmacokinetics and provide more information for clinical applications.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2015.03.012

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Cite this paper

@article{Wang2015PipetteTS, title={Pipette tip solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of flavonoids from Epimedii herba in rat serum and application of the technique to pharmacokinetic studies.}, author={Nani Wang and Xiaowen Huang and Xuping Wang and Yang Zhang and Renjie Wu and Dan Shou}, journal={Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences}, year={2015}, volume={990}, pages={64-72} }