Pioneering Renewable Energy in an Economic Energy Policy System : The History and Development of Dutch Grassroots Initiatives

  title={Pioneering Renewable Energy in an Economic Energy Policy System : The History and Development of Dutch Grassroots Initiatives},
  author={Marieke Oteman},
  • Marieke Oteman
  • Published 2017
The first grassroots initiatives for renewable energy in The Netherlands were a small number of wind cooperatives that developed in the 1980s and 1990s. After a few years without developments, new initiatives started emerging after 2000, and after 2009 the movement boomed, growing from around 40 to over 360 initiatives. These initiatives form an active, large and diverse movement that uses various motivations, technologies and connections, which have changed over time. This article uses a mixed… CONTINUE READING


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