Pinghua population as an exception of Han Chinese's coherent genetic structure

@article{Gan2008PinghuaPA,
  title={Pinghua population as an exception of Han Chinese's coherent genetic structure},
  author={Rui-jing Gan and Shang-Ling Pan and Laura F. Mustavich and Z D Qin and Xiao-yun Cai and Ji Qian and Cheng-wu Liu and Junhua Peng and Shilin Li and Jieshun Xu and Li Jin and Hui Li},
  journal={Journal of Human Genetics},
  year={2008},
  volume={53},
  pages={303-313}
}
AbstractThe Han Chinese is the largest single ethnic group in the world, consisting of ten Chinese branches. With the exception of the Pinghua branch, the genetic structure of this group has been studied extensively, and Y chromosome and mitochondrial (mt)DNA data have demonstrated a coherent genetic structure of all Han Chinese. It is therefore believed that the Pinghua branch, being members of an old branch of the Han Chinese, despite being scattered in and around Guangxi Province where… 
Ancient DNA evidence supports the contribution of Di-Qiang people to the han Chinese gene pool.
TLDR
Ancient DNA analysis was performed on the remains of 46 humans excavated from the Taojiazhai site in Qinghai province, northwest of China, suggesting that the Di-Qiang populations may have contributed to the Han Chinese genetic pool.
Dominant Contribution of Northern Chinese to the Paternal Genetic Structure of Chaoshanese in South China
TLDR
A phylogenetic tree and analysis of molecular variance signified a strong association between Y chromosomes of Chinese populations and their linguistic affiliations, revealing a coevolution of Y chromosome diversity and languages in East Asia.
Insights From Y-STRs: Forensic Characteristics, Genetic Affinities, and Linguistic Classifications of Guangdong Hakka and She Groups
TLDR
The phylogenetic analyses showed that Guangdong Hakka has a close relationship with Southern Han, and the genetic pool of Guangdongs Hakka was influenced by surrounding Han populations, which shows that the GuangdONG She group is one of the branches of Tibeto-Burman populations and the Huonie dialect of She languages may be a branch of Tibeta-Bur man language families.
The Genetic Structure of Chinese Hui Ethnic Group Revealed by Complete Mitochondrial Genome Analyses Using Massively Parallel Sequencing
TLDR
The results demonstrated that Hui group exhibited closer genetic relationships with Chinese Han populations from different regions, which was largely attributable to the widespread of haplogroups D4, D5, M7, B4, and F1 in these populations.
Uniparental Genetic Analyses Reveal the Major Origin of Fujian Tanka from Ancient Indigenous Daic Populations
TLDR
The interpopulation comparison revealed that the Fujian Tanka have a closer affinity with Daic populations than with Han Chinese in paternal lineages but are closely clustered with southern Han populations such as Hakka and Chaoshanese in maternal lineages.
Genetic evidence for the multiple origins of Pinghua Chinese
TLDR
It is concluded that the Pinghua speakers may have various origins, even though Pinghua dialects are similar, because speakers of one language do not always have just one origin.
Evidence from Autosomal STR Data Supports a Central China Origin of Chao-Shan Population
TLDR
The phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the obtained Nei’s genetic distance to reveal population affinities and the Central China origin of Chao-Shan people, and a pronounced Central China Han ancestry on the gene pools of the two groups.
Genetic origin of Kadai-speaking Gelong people on Hainan island viewed from Y chromosomes
TLDR
It is suggested that the Gelong people on Hainan Island register as Gelao for their official ethnicity, however, this identification is invalid until it is accepted by theGelong people themselves and the Hainsan government.
The mitochondrial DNA control region sequences from the Chinese sui population of southwestern China
TLDR
The results show that the study of mitochondrial DNA based on the analysis of matrilineal genetic structure of the Sui population can help to promote the establishment of a forensic DNA analysis reference database in East Asia and provide reference for future anthropological research.
Gene flow between Zhuang and Han populations in the China–Vietnam borderland
TLDR
It is concluded that the Minz is not a genetically isolated population and it is increasingly difficult to find isolated populations in mainland East Asia.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Y-chromosome genotyping and genetic structure of Zhuang populations.
Mitochondrial DNA diversity and population differentiation in southern East Asia.
TLDR
It is concluded that modern humans have lived in South China for a long time, inside-ethnogenesis was a rather late event, and frequent inmixing was taking place throughout.
[Origin of Hakka and Hakkanese: a genetics analysis].
TLDR
The genetic structure of Hakka shows their core may be Kim-man, the ancient Hmong-Mien character of Hakkanese, and it is concluded that genetically the majority of Hakkas gene pool shall come from North Han with She contributing the most among all non-Han groups.
Phylogeographic differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Han Chinese.
TLDR
These and other features of the geographical distribution of the mtDNA haplogroups observed in the Han Chinese make an initial Paleolithic colonization from south to north plausible but would suggest subsequent migration events in China that mainly proceeded from north to south and east to west.
Genetic structure of Hmong-Mien speaking populations in East Asia as revealed by mtDNA lineages.
TLDR
The results indicate that the Hmong populations had experienced more contact with the northern East Asians, a finding consistent with historical evidence.
Y chromosome haplotypes reveal prehistorical migrations to the Himalayas
TLDR
It is postulate that the ancient people, who lived in the upper-middle Yellow River basin about 10,000 years ago and developed one of the earliest Neolithic cultures in East Asia, were the ancestors of modern Sino-Tibetan populations.
Abscondence of Min-Yue Ethnic Group Revealed by Molecular Anthropology
TLDR
It is found that there is a common ancestor of Daic and Malayan, which are the largest ethnic groups in south China and Southeast Asia, and these two modern groups can be defined as “Austro-Tai”.
The emerging limbs and twigs of the East Asian mtDNA tree.
TLDR
The phylogenetic backbone of the East Asian mtDNA tree is determined by using published complete mtDNA sequences and assessing both coding and control region variation in 69 Han individuals from southern China, confirming that the East Asia mtDNA pool is locally region-specific and completely covered by the two superhaplogroups M and N.
Analyses of genetic structure of Tibeto-Burman populations reveals sex-biased admixture in southern Tibeto-Burmans.
TLDR
The genetic structure of the extant southern Tibeto-Burman (STB) populations were primarily formed by two parental groups: northern immigrants and native southerners, with a bias between male and female lineages.
Y-chromosome evidence of southern origin of the East Asian-specific haplogroup O3-M122.
TLDR
It is estimated that the early northward migration of the O3-M122 lineages in East Asia occurred approximately 25,000-30,000 years ago, consistent with the fossil records of modern humans in EastAsia.
...
...