Pilgrims' Progress: The Business of the Hajj

  title={Pilgrims' Progress: The Business of the Hajj},
  author={Michael Vincent Miller},
  journal={Past \& Present},
  pages={189 - 228}
  • M. Miller
  • Published 1 May 2006
  • History
  • Past & Present
In 1948, John Hobhouse, a senior manager of Alfred Holt & Co. (also known as Blue Funnel or Ocean Steam Ship), the premier British shipping company sailing east to China, Malaya and the Straits Settlements, began to wonder whether it any longer made good business sense to engage in the pilgrim trade. Since the nineteenth century, Holts steamers had carried Malay and Indonesian Muslims to and from Jiddah during the Hajj season; in fact, until the Second World War nearly all Holts ships had been… 
Economics: Agents, Pilgrims, and Profits
In the nineteenth century, the ancient muslim pilgrimage economy, based on the caravan system, was rocked by technology and administrative rationality. At the same time, with colonization, the
A History of Jeddah
Known as the ‘Gate to Mecca’ or ‘Bride of the Red Sea’, Jeddah has been a gateway for pilgrims travelling to Mecca and Medina and a station for international trade routes between the Indian Ocean and
Port Politics: Indian Seamen, Australian Unions and Indonesian Independence, 1945-47
In September 1945 a boycott of Dutch shipping in Australian waters was called in support of the Indonesian declaration of independence at the end of World War II. Inspired by the Atlantic Charter, a
“A Dark State of Affairs”: Hajj Networks, Pan-Islamism, and Dutch Colonial Surveillance during the Interwar Period
During the 1920’s and 30’s, the Dutch colonial government worked together with the Dutch-owned shipping conglomerate Kongsi Tiga to control hajj maritime networks linking the Netherlands East Indies
The Impact of Hajj satisfaction and Hajj investment on Islamic Religious Commitment: The Case of Indonesian Hajj
The Hajj is the world’s largest annual religious tourism event. During the Hajj approximately three to four million Muslims from around the world gather in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The Hajj
The politics of the Hajj organisation in Senegal: security, legitimation and clientelism
ABSTRACT This article analyses how the state in Senegal has managed the hajj since the liberalisation era in the early 2000s. Although the essence of the hajj is religious, it is also deeply
‘A Strike for Racial Justice’? Transatlantic Shipping and the Jewish Diaspora, 1882–1939
This essay considers the specific religious and cultural needs of Jewish transoceanic travellers between the period from the introduction of the May Laws in Russia in 1882 to the outbreak of the
Indian Migration and Diaspora in the Persian Gulf, 1820–1947: An Inquiry into the British Imperial Context
This article deals with the Indian migratory and diasporic aspects in the Gulf countries with special reference to the British imperial context. Basing itself upon an interdisciplinary approach, it
Women’s Migration for Prostitution in the interwar Middle East and North Africa
This article examines the migration of women for prostitution around the Mediterranean Sea, particularly to and within the Middle East and North Africa, in the interwar period. Reading League of
A Topological Approach to a Wicked Problem
The revelation of Islam in Arabic, its emergence in the Western Arabian Peninsula, and its acquaintance with Biblical literature seem to be clear indications for Islam’s birthplace and its religious


The Hajj: The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Places
Among the duties God imposes upon every Muslim is a pilgrimage to the holy places in and around Mecca. Not only is it a religious ritual filled with blessings for the millions who make the journey
The Modernist Muslim Movement In Indonesia, 1900 1942
After an introduction which considers the general role of Islam in a modernizing society and sketches the traditional role of Islam in Indonesia, the work proceeds to a clear and detailed historical
Compradors, Firm Architecture and the ‘Reinvention’ of British Trading Companies: John Swire & Sons’ Operations in Early Twentieth-Century China
This article provides a critical examination of the way in which Britain's trading firms coped with radical changes in local business conditions. Recent work by Jones has shown that a small number of
Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Merchants to Multinationals examines the evolution of multinational trading companies from the eighteenth century to the present day. During the Industrial Revolution, British merchants established
Encountering Chinese Networks: Western, Japanese, and Chinese Corporations in China, 1880-1937
Big businesses have faced a persistent dilemma in China since the nineteenth century: how to retain control over corporate hierarchies while adapting to local social networks. Sherman Cochran, in the
The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914: Global Connections and Comparisons
List Of Illustrations.List Of Tables And Maps.Series Editor's Preface.Acknowledgements.Introduction.The Organization Of The Book.Problem One: 'Prime Movers' And The Economic Factor.Problem Two:
Book Review: Round-Trip to America: The Immigrants Return to Europe, 1880–1930
Part One: Migrants and Immigrants 1. A Two-Way Migration 2. Seasonal Migrations and the America Fever Part Two: American Realities 3. Immigrants in an Industrializing Economy 4. Leaving the Land of
Chinese Migrant Networks and Cultural Change: Peru, Chicago, and Hawaii 1900-1936
Inspired by recent work on diaspora and cultural globalization, Adam McKeown asks in this new book: How were the experiences of different migrant communities and hometowns in China linked together
Pious passengers : the Hajj in earlier times
The early modern hajj the centrality of the hajj the politics of the hajj the politics of the hajj the Mughals and the hajj the economics of the hajj the land routes the sea routes teh economy of
Marketing Michelin : advertising & cultural identity in twentieth-century France
Contents: Preface Introduction Chapter 1: The Making of the Michelin Man - The Birth and Life of Bibendum in the Belle Epoque Chapter 2: Finding France - The Red Guides and Early Automobile Tourism