iTRAQ-MS/MS Proteomic Analysis Reveals Differentially Expressed Proteins During Post-harvest Maturation of the White Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus
Fruiting bodies of Flammulina velutipes formed under complete darkness had a poorly developed pileus on top (pinhead fruiting body), and lacked a hymenium. Upon light stimulation, the pileus immediately began to develop on the apical region of the pinhead fruiting body. Swelling of the apical region caused by cell division was observed 2 days after light treatment; at day 4, the junction fracture between the pileus and stipe, and formation of the hymenium primordia were observed; at 6 days, gills were observed. We identified a cell wall-associated protein (PSH) that was specifically induced in the pileus, but not in the stipe, following light treatment of the pinhead fruiting body. Cloning and sequence analysis of the gene encoding PSH (psh) revealed a motif in the C-terminal region of the predicted amino acid sequence that was similar to hydrophobin. The level of transcription of psh was low in the stipe, but it was expressed at a high level in the pileus of the normal fruiting body. Transcription was also low in pinhead fruiting bodies, but increased after light treatment. These results indicate that psh is specifically expressed during pileus differentiation induced by light stimulation.