Pictorial Illustrations Still Improve Students' Learning from Text

  title={Pictorial Illustrations Still Improve Students' Learning from Text},
  author={Russell N. Carney and Joel R. Levin},
  journal={Educational Psychology Review},
Research conducted primarily during the 1970s and 1980s supported the assertion that carefully constructed text illustrations generally enhance learners' performance on a variety of text-dependent cognitive outcomes. Research conducted throughout the 1990s still strongly supports that assertion. The more recent research has extended pictures-in-text conclusions to alternative media and technological formats and has begun to explore more systematically the “whys,” “whens,” and “for whoms” of… 
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