Phytotoxkit/Phytotestkit and Microtox® as tools for toxicity assessment of sediments.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to use bioassays to evaluate the toxicity of pore water, sediments and sediments elutriates. Furthermore, a possible relationship between observed toxicity and results of chemical analysis was examined. Sediment (0-10 cm) samples were collected from 21 locations in Zeslawice reservoir, Southern Poland using an Ekman sampler. Toxicity assessment of the sediment and pore water samples was performed using direct-contact tests Phytotoxkit/Phytotestkit and Microtox®. Inhibition of seed germination in the test plants was from -25 to 38 percent for sediment and from 0 to 50 percent for pore water, whereas inhibition of root growth was within a range from -42 to 37 percent for sediment and from -49 to 37 percent for pore water. Depending on the sediments, Vibrio fischeri luminescence inhibition was from -18 to 40 percent for sediments elutriates and from -12 to 28 percent for pore water. The toxicity tests showed a positive correlation between metals and the root growth inhibition in Lepidium sativum and Sinapis alba as well as the luminescence inhibition in V. fischeri. No significant correlations were found between the inhibition of luminescence and the phytotoxicity assays, so these analyses do not show a similar sensitivity to toxicants in the sediments. While estimating the sensitivity of the performed biotests, the highest number of toxic responses was recorded in the Microtox® test towards V. fischeri. Among the plant species, Sorghum saccharatum appears to be the most sensitive plant species. Most of the examined sediment samples (67 percent) were classified as class II (low-toxic samples, low acute hazard) and 33 percent of the examined samples were class I (no essential toxic effect, non-toxic sample, no acute hazard) in terms of toxicity. Most of the pore water samples (71 percent) were also classified as class II.

Cite this paper

@article{Baran2013PhytotoxkitPhytotestkitAM, title={Phytotoxkit/Phytotestkit and Microtox® as tools for toxicity assessment of sediments.}, author={Agnieszka Baran and Marek Tarnawski}, journal={Ecotoxicology and environmental safety}, year={2013}, volume={98}, pages={19-27} }