Phytoremediation and phytosensing of chemical contaminants, RDX and TNT: identification of the required target genes

Abstract

High explosives such as hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) are important contaminants in the environment and phytoremediation has been viewed as a cost-effective abatement. There remains, however, an insufficient knowledge-base about how plants respond to explosives, especially in the steady state. Microarray analysis was conducted on Arabidopsis thaliana that were grown in Murashige and Skoog media containing steady-state levels of 0.5 mM RDX or 2.0 μM TNT to study the effect of these compounds on its transcriptional profile. Our results for both RDX and TNT were consistent with the existing theory for xenobiotic metabolism in plants. Among the genes that were differentially expressed included oxidoreductases, cytochrome P450s, transferases, transporters, and several unknown expressed proteins. We discuss the potential role of upregulated genes in plant metabolism, phytoremediation, and phytosensing. Phytosensing, the detection of field contamination using plants, is an end goal of this project.

DOI: 10.1007/s10142-009-0125-z

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@article{Rao2009PhytoremediationAP, title={Phytoremediation and phytosensing of chemical contaminants, RDX and TNT: identification of the required target genes}, author={Murali R. Rao and Matthew D. Halfhill and Laura L. G. Abercrombie and Priya Ranjan and Jason M. Abercrombie and Julia S. Gouffon and Arnold M. Saxton and C. Neal Stewart}, journal={Functional & Integrative Genomics}, year={2009}, volume={9}, pages={537-547} }