Phytomonas serpens, a tomato parasite, shares antigens with Trypanosoma cruzi that are recognized by human sera and induce protective immunity in mice.

@article{Bregan2003PhytomonasSA,
  title={Phytomonas serpens, a tomato parasite, shares antigens with Trypanosoma cruzi that are recognized by human sera and induce protective immunity in mice.},
  author={Jos{\'e} Wander Bregan{\'o} and Renata Cristina Pic{\~a}o and Viviane Krominski Graça and Rafael Andrade Menolli and Shiduca Itow Jankevicius and P Pinge Filho and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}tor Jankevicius},
  journal={FEMS immunology and medical microbiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={39 3},
  pages={257-64}
}
The immune cross-reactivity between Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes Chagas' disease, and Phytomonas serpens, a trypanosomatid that infects tomatoes, was studied. Sera from patients with Chagas' disease presented a strong reactivity with P. serpens antigens by conventional serological assays such as indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) and direct agglutination test (DAT), confirmed after cross-absorption experiments. The results show that this protozoan is highly immunogenic and that… CONTINUE READING
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