Corpus ID: 84031993

Phytochemical and Biosynthetic Studies of Lignans, with a Focus on Indonesian Medicinal Plants

  title={Phytochemical and Biosynthetic Studies of Lignans, with a Focus on Indonesian Medicinal Plants},
In this thesis phytochemical and biosynthetic studies of lignans are described. The focus is on the Indonesian medicinal plants Phyllanthus niruri and Piper cubeba and on two Linum species, Linum flavum and L. leonii, native to European countries. Both Indonesian plants are used in jamu. Jamu is the Indonesian traditional herbal medicine, practised for many centuries in the Indonesian community to maintain good health and to treat diseases. The manufacturing of jamu is shifting more and more… Expand
A Review: Is Ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Roscoe) Potential for Future Phytomedicine?
Abstract Zingiber officinale Roscoe (red:ginger), is one of the most widely consumed medicinal herbs in the world has been widely used to treat various disorders in Indonesia. There are three knownExpand
Colchicine Production from Colchicum and the Role of in vitro Cultures: A Review
In vitro production of naturally-occurring medicinally-important secondary metabolites from plants using callus or cell suspension culture has become an industrially promising project and one of the most important and well-studied natural compounds is produced. Expand
The effects of herbal plant extracts on the growth and sporulation of Colletotrhichum gloesporioides
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An In Vitro Antibacterial Activity Test of Meniran Herbs’(Phyllanthus Niruri L.) Ethanol ExtractAgainst Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) in Broiler Chickens
Meniran herbs’ ( Phyllanthus niruri linn ) is effective as antibacterial at concentrations of 30% against Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) in broiler chickens. Expand
Becoming-Plant: Jamu in Java, Indonesia
Jamu is a lively practice of mashing, pounding, and rolling fresh plants into healing beverages that has been going on for centuries in various islands of the Indian Ocean. My anthropological studyExpand
Non-Targeted Secondary Metabolite Profile Study for Deciphering the Cosmeceutical Potential of Red Marine Macro Alga Jania rubens—An LCMS-Based Approach
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In vitro Propagation of Silybum marianum L.
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A review of the plants of the genus Phyllanthus: Their chemistry, pharmacology, and therapeutic potential
Together this data strongly supports the view that the plants belonging to the genus Phyllanthus have potential beneficial therapeutic actions in the management of hepatitis B, nefrolitiase, and in painful disorders. Expand
In vitro antimalarial activity of extracts of three plants used in the traditional medicine of India.
Among the 3 plants tested, 2 had significant inhibitory effect on P. falciparum in vitro, and the value that inhibits 50% (IC50) was determined. Expand
Lignan profile of Piper cubeba, an Indonesian medicinal plant
The lignan profile of the aerial part of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) was determined using GC, GC-MS and HPLC. The number of lignans found in the leaves was 15, followed by berries and the stalksExpand
Production of podophyllotoxin from Podophyllum hexandrum: a potential natural product for clinically useful anticancer drugs
The use of biotechnological approaches for the production of podophyllotoxin using cell cultures, organ cultures, and biotransformation route or by manipulating biosynthetic pathway proves to be an attractive alternative for production. Expand
Antidiabetic activities of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Piper betle leaves in rats.
HWE and CEE of Piper betle leaves possess safe and strong antidiabetic activity and were found to be non-toxic and well tolerated after following chronic oral administration. Expand
Diuretic effects of selected Thai indigenous medicinal plants in rats.
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Turmeric and curcumin: Biological actions and medicinal applications
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Antibacterial activity of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum carvi L. essential oils.
Antibacterial activity was particularly high against the genera Clavibacter, Curtobacterium, Rhodococcus, Erwinia, Xanthomonas, Ralstonia, and Agrobacteria, which are responsible for plant or cultivated mushroom diseases worldwide. Expand
Traditionally-used antimalarials from the Meliaceae.
Gedunin has significant in vitro activity but initially showed poor in vivo activity, and the results show the potential for both antimalarial drug and phytomedicine development from traditionally used plants. Expand
Lignans from cell suspension cultures of Phyllanthus niruri, an Indonesian medicinal plant.
This is the first report of cell suspension cultures of P. niruri that successfully produce lignans, and comparison of the lignan profiles of cell suspensions, callus cultures, aerial plant parts, roots, and seeds showed significant differences. Expand