Physiology of neuronal subtypes in the respiratory-vocal integration nucleus retroamigualis of the male zebra finch.

@article{Kubke2005PhysiologyON,
  title={Physiology of neuronal subtypes in the respiratory-vocal integration nucleus retroamigualis of the male zebra finch.},
  author={M. Fabiana Kubke and Yoko Yazaki-Sugiyama and R Mooney and J M Wild},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  year={2005},
  volume={94 4},
  pages={2379-90}
}
Learned vocalizations, such as bird song, require intricate coordination of vocal and respiratory muscles. Although the neural basis for this coordination remains poorly understood, it likely includes direct synaptic interactions between respiratory premotor neurons and vocal motor neurons. In birds, as in mammals, the medullary nucleus retroambigualis (RAm) receives synaptic input from higher level respiratory and vocal control centers and projects to a variety of targets. In birds, these… CONTINUE READING