Physiological significance of L-amino acid sensing by extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptors.


The calcium-sensing receptor is a multimodal, multimetabolic sensor that mediates the feedback-dependent control of whole body calcium metabolism. Remarkably, in addition to its role in Ca(2+)(o) (extracellular Ca(2+)) sensing, the CaR (Ca(2+)-sensing receptor) also responds to L-amino acids. L-amino acids appear to activate, predominantly, a signalling pathway coupled with intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization, require a threshold concentration of Ca(2+)(o) for efficacy and sensitize the receptor to activation by Ca(2+)(o). Here, we review the evidence that the CaR, like other closely related members of the class 3 GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor) family including GPRC6A, is a broad-spectrum amino acid-sensing receptor, consider the nature of the signalling response to amino acids and discuss its physiological significance.

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@article{Conigrave2007PhysiologicalSO, title={Physiological significance of L-amino acid sensing by extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptors.}, author={Arthur D. Conigrave and H-C Mun and Sarah C. Brennan}, journal={Biochemical Society transactions}, year={2007}, volume={35 Pt 5}, pages={1195-8} }