Physiological impacts of elevated carbon dioxide and ocean acidification on fish.

  title={Physiological impacts of elevated carbon dioxide and ocean acidification on fish.},
  author={Rachael M. Heuer and Martin Grosell},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology},
  volume={307 9},
Most fish studied to date efficiently compensate for a hypercapnic acid-base disturbance; however, many recent studies examining the effects of ocean acidification on fish have documented impacts at CO2 levels predicted to occur before the end of this century. Notable impacts on neurosensory and behavioral endpoints, otolith growth, mitochondrial function, and metabolic rate demonstrate an unexpected sensitivity to current-day and near-future CO2 levels. Most explanations for these effects seem… CONTINUE READING
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