Physiological effects of tapering in highly trained athletes.

@article{Shepley1992PhysiologicalEO,
  title={Physiological effects of tapering in highly trained athletes.},
  author={B Shepley and J. Duncan Macdougall and Nick Cipriano and John R. Sutton and Mark A. Tarnopolsky and Geoffrey Coates},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={1992},
  volume={72 2},
  pages={
          706-11
        }
}
This study examined some of the physiological and performance effects of three different tapers in highly trained athletes. After 8 wk of training, nine male middle-distance runners were randomly assigned to one of three different 7-day tapers: a high-intensity low-volume taper (HIT), a low-intensity moderate-volume taper (LIT), or a rest-only taper (ROT). After the first taper, subjects resumed training for 4 wk and performed a second taper and then resumed training for 4 wk and completed the… Expand
Physiological responses to a 6-d taper in middle-distance runners: influence of training intensity and volume.
TLDR
It is concluded that taper-induced physiological changes in trained middle-distance runners are mainly hematological, and that distinct physiological changes are elicited from LICT and HIIT during taper. Expand
Effect of tapering after a period of high-volume sprint interval training on running performance and muscular adaptations in moderately trained runners.
The effect of tapering following a period of high-volume sprint interval training (SIT) and a basic volume of aerobic training on performance and muscle adaptations in moderately trained runners wasExpand
Effect of tapered normal and interval training on performance of Standardbred pacers.
TLDR
Repeated tapering produces a worthwhile enhancement of performance in Standardbreds, but the addition of interval training appears to increase the risk of injury. Expand
The effects of a 10-day taper on repeated-sprint performance in females.
TLDR
The first study to report the effects of taper on repeated-sprint performance, finding that the 10-day taper did result in a 3%-4% improvement in performance. Expand
EFFECTS OF TAPER ON SWIMMING FORCE AND SWIMMER PERFORMANCE AFTER AN EXPERIMENTAL TEN‐WEEK TRAINING PROGRAM
TLDR
Results showed that TP improved mean swimming velocity, but not in the same proportion as force after taper, suggesting that there are other factors influencing performance in faster swimming. Expand
Physiological effects of tapering and detraining in world-class kayakers.
TLDR
The need of performing a minimal maintenance program to avoid excessive declines in neuromuscular function in cases where a prolonged break from training is required is suggested. Expand
Effects of taper on endurance cycling capacity and single muscle fiber properties.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the metabolic properties of different fiber types are altered with tapering, that the type of taper protocol used influences their physiological adaptation, and that improvements in simulated 40-km endurance time were related to changes in metabolic property of the muscle at the single fiber level. Expand
PEAKING AND TAPERING IN ENDURANCE ATHLETES: A REVIEW
TLDR
Examination of the literature surrounding peaking and tapering in endurance athletes finds that maintenance of training intensity while gradually reducing volume is a good base for developing a taper; however, it is not the only method of tapering that improves performance. Expand
Effects of three tapering techniques on the performance, forces and psychometric measures of competitive swimmers
TLDR
None of the three types of tapering currently used by competitive swimmers could be shown to be more beneficial than the others, however, the importance of providing sufficient recovery before competition was highlighted, since 1 week of reduced training was not long enough to maximise the benefits ofTapering. Expand
Effect of two tapering strategies on endurance-related physiological markers in athletes from selected training centres of Ethiopia
TLDR
Taper strategies characterised by HILV and HIMV training load have beneficial effects on the improvement of endurance performance, and positive changes were observed in the endurance-related physiological traits regardless of the amount of volume reduced during the 2-week taper period. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Effects of reduced training on submaximal and maximal running responses.
TLDR
The results suggest that the reduced training program used did not sufficiently diminish nor improve aerobic capacity in highly trained distance runners. Expand
Effects of detraining on responses to submaximal exercise.
TLDR
It appears that a portion of the adaptation to prolonged and intense endurance training that is responsible for the higher lactate threshold in the trained state persists for a long time (greater than 85 days) after training is stopped. Expand
Time course of loss of adaptations after stopping prolonged intense endurance training.
TLDR
Muscle capillarization and oxidative enzyme activity remained above sedentary levels and this may help explain why a-vO2 difference and VO2 max after 84 days of detraining were still higher than in untrained subjects. Expand
Reduced training intensities and loss of aerobic power, endurance, and cardiac growth.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that training intensity is an essential requirement for maintaining the increased aerobic power and cardiac enlargement with reduced training. Expand
Metabolic characteristics of skeletal muscle during detraining from competitive swimming.
TLDR
Dramatic changes in the metabolic characteristics of the swimmer's muscle with a 1-4-wk interruption in training are demonstrated. Expand
Reduced training duration effects on aerobic power, endurance, and cardiac growth.
TLDR
Initial evidence is provided that all aspects of the endurance-trained state may not be regulated uniformly in reduced training, particularly since VO2 max and short-term endurance were maintained, but long-term Endurance decreased in the 13-min group. Expand
Effects of Reduced Training on Muscular Power in Swimmers.
TLDR
Tapering had no influence on postexercise acid-base balance, but there was a significant increase in power output on both the biokinetic swim bench and the power swim test. Expand
Physiological responses to caffeine during endurance running in habitual caffeine users.
TLDR
It is concluded that caffeine administration in athletic, habitual caffeine consumers increased plasma FFA levels but had neither metabolic nor neuromuscular effects that would be of potential ergogenic benefit in endurance running. Expand
Effects of short-term training on cardiac function during prolonged exercise.
TLDR
It is proposed that the increase in Q serves primarily to increase muscle blood flow and maintain arterial O2 delivery, while the altered cardiodynamic behavior serves to increase cardiac reserve, providing a greater tolerance to prolonged heavy exercise. Expand
Cardiovascular adaptations to physical training.
TLDR
The cardiovascular adaptations that occur during exercise in experimental animals and in man and how they contribute to the trained state are reviewed and the mechanisms underlying these adaptations are discussed. Expand
...
1
2
...