Physiological effects of tapering and detraining in world-class kayakers.

@article{Garcapallars2010PhysiologicalEO,
  title={Physiological effects of tapering and detraining in world-class kayakers.},
  author={Jes{\'u}s Garc{\'i}a-pallar{\'e}s and Luis S{\'a}nchez-medina and Carlos Esteban P{\'e}rez and Mikel Izquierdo-Gabarren and Mikel Izquierdo},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  year={2010},
  volume={42 6},
  pages={
          1209-14
        }
}
PURPOSE This study analyzed changes in neuromuscular, body composition, and endurance markers during 4 wk of tapering and subsequent 5 wk of reduced training (RT) or training cessation (TC). METHODS Fourteen world-class kayakers were randomly assigned to either a TC (n = 7) or an RT group (n = 7). One-repetition maximum (1RM) strength, mean concentric velocity with 45% 1RM (V45%) in the bench press (BP) and prone bench pull (PBP) exercises, and body composition assessments were conducted at… Expand
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TLDR
Data indicated that DTR may induce larger declines in muscle power output than in maximal strength, whereas TAP may result in further strength enhancement (but not muscle power), mediated, in part, by training-related differences in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations. Expand
Detraining Produces Minimal Changes in Physical Performance and Hormonal Variables in Recreationally Strength‐Trained Men
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It is demonstrated that 6 weeks of resistance DTR in recreationally trained men affects power more than it does strength without any accompanying changes in resting hormonal concentrations, which might be of importance for reducing the impact of DTR on Wingate power performances. Expand
Endurance and neuromuscular changes in world-class level kayakers during a periodized training cycle
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A 12-week periodized strength and endurance program with special emphasis on prioritizing the sequential development of specific physical fitness components in each training phase seems effective for improving both cardiovascular and neuromuscular markers of highly trained top-level athletes. Expand
Effects of taper on endurance cycling capacity and single muscle fiber properties.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the metabolic properties of different fiber types are altered with tapering, that the type of taper protocol used influences their physiological adaptation, and that improvements in simulated 40-km endurance time were related to changes in metabolic property of the muscle at the single fiber level. Expand
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TLDR
This study examined some of the physiological and performance effects of three different tapers in highly trained athletes, finding that muscle glycogen concentration and citrate synthase activity increased significantly after ROT and HIT, and strength increased after all three tapers. Expand
The Effects of Tapering on Strength Performance in Trained Athletes
TLDR
The data indicate that resistance-trained athletes can improve low velocity concentric strength for at least 8 days by greatly reducing training volume, but maintaining training intensity. Expand
Effect of reduced training on muscular strength and endurance in competitive swimmers.
TLDR
Muscular strength was not diminished over 4 wk of reduced training or inactivity, but the ability to generate power during swimming was significantly reduced in all groups, suggesting that aerobic capacity is maintained in well-trained swimmers. Expand
Throwing performance after resistance training and detraining
TLDR
It is suggested that shot put performance remains unaltered after 4 weeks of complete detraining in moderately resistance-trained subjects, which might be linked to the concomitant reduction of muscle fiber CSA and increase in the percentage of type IIx muscle fibers. Expand
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Short-term resistive exercise detraining may specifically affect eccentric strength or the size of the Type II muscle fibers, leaving other aspects of neuromuscular performance uninfluenced. Expand
Effects of three tapering techniques on the performance, forces and psychometric measures of competitive swimmers
TLDR
None of the three types of tapering currently used by competitive swimmers could be shown to be more beneficial than the others, however, the importance of providing sufficient recovery before competition was highlighted, since 1 week of reduced training was not long enough to maximise the benefits ofTapering. Expand
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