Physiological adaptations of stressed fish to polluted environments: role of heat shock proteins.

Abstract

Fish are subjected to a wide variety of environmental stressors. Stressors affect fish at all life stages and the stress-specific responses that occur at the biochemical and physiological levels affect the overall health and longevity of such animals. In this review, the organ-specific alterations in fish that inhabit polluted environments are addressed in… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6260-7_1

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