Physiological actions of taurine.

@article{Huxtable1992PhysiologicalAO,
  title={Physiological actions of taurine.},
  author={Ryan J. Huxtable},
  journal={Physiological reviews},
  year={1992},
  volume={72 1},
  pages={
          101-63
        }
}
  • R. Huxtable
  • Published 1992
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Physiological reviews
Electrochemical recognition of taurine biomarker in unprocessed human plasma samples using silver nanoparticlebased nanocomposite: A new platform for early stage diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases of the nervous system
TLDR
An innovative electrochemical interface for quantitation of taurine based on ternary signal amplification strategy was fabricated and a double layer film based on α‐cyclodextrin and silver nanoparticles was exploited to develop a highly sensitive electrochemical sensor for detection of t aurine.
Sensitive monitoring of taurine biomarker in unprocessed human plasma samples using a novel nanocomposite based on poly(aspartic acid) functionalized by graphene quantum dots
TLDR
The electropolymerization of a low toxic and biocompatible nanocomposite “poly(aspartic acid)–graphene quantum dots (GQDs)” as a novel strategy for surface modification of glassy carbon electrode and preparation a new interface for measurement of taurine allows the quantification of these biomarkers directly in biological samples without need of derivatization schemes or sample pretreatment.
Physiological role of taurine – from organism to organelle
TLDR
Taurine homeostasis in cells and organelles is described with emphasis on taurine biophysics/membrane dynamics, regulation of transport proteins involved in active and passive t aurine release as well as physiological processes, for example, development, lung function, mitochondrial function, antioxidative defence and apoptosis which seem to be affected by a shift in the expression of the taurin transporters and/or the cellular taurines.
Long-term Feeding of the Yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata with Soy Protein Concentrate-based Non-fishmeal Diet Supplemented with Taurine
Previous studies have shown that the growth performance of the yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata fed non-fishmeal (non-FM) diets was improved by supplementing with dietary taurine. However, it has
The effect of taurine on dystrophic muscle tissue function
TLDR
The purpose of this thesis was to examine the effect of taurine on dystrophic skeletal muscle function, which was performed in three studies using the dyStrophic mdx mouse as a model for DMD.
The Role of Taurine in Mitochondria Health: More Than Just an Antioxidant
TLDR
The antioxidant action of taurine is discussed, particularly in relation to the maintenance of mitochondria function, which protects against pathologies associated with mitochondrial defects, such as aging, mitochondrial diseases, metabolic syndrome, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and neurological disorders.
Association of Taurine with In-Hospital Mortality in Patients after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Results from the Prospective, Observational COMMUNICATE Study
TLDR
Admission taurine levels are associated with mortality and neurological outcomes in OHCA patients and may help in the risk assessment of this vulnerable population.
Taurine and dopamine-related effects of ethanol. An experimental study in rodents
TLDR
It is suggested that increased nAc taurine levels following ethanol exposure mainly derives from astrocytes and involves VRACs, supporting an osmoregulatory role of taurin, contributing to the increase in alcohol consumption seen in humans drinking alcohol mixed with energy drinks.
Special topic: The association between pulse ingredients and canine dilated cardiomyopathy: addressing the knowledge gaps before establishing causation1
TLDR
Dog food formulators should have a deep knowledge of processing methodologies and nutrient interactions beyond meeting the Association of American Feed Control Officials nutrient profiles and should not carelessly follow unsubstantiated market trends.
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References

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Inotropic effect of taurine in guinea-pig ventricular strips.
Dendrobine, an antagonist of β‐alanine, taurine and of presynaptic inhibition in the frog spinal cord
TLDR
The present results are discussed with reference to the likely neurotransmitters involved in presynaptic inhibition in the frog spinal cord, and with respect to the structure‐activity relationship of picrotoxane compounds as amino acid antagonists.
Occurrence of Taurine in Plants
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is known to be present in almost all organs of animals,1} and there is increasing evidence that this compound plays an important role in the body.2) On the other
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