Physiological, motivational, and cognitive effects of aircraft noise on children: moving from the laboratory to the field.

  title={Physiological, motivational, and cognitive effects of aircraft noise on children: moving from the laboratory to the field.},
  author={S. Cohen and Gary W. Evans and David S. Krantz and Daniel Stokols},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={35 3},
: A combination of laboratory and field methodologies is suggested as a strategy to increase the influence of psychological research in the formation of public policy, A naturalistic study of the effects of aircraft noise on elementary school children is presented as evidence for the effects of community noise on behavior and as an example of a study that examines the generality of laboratory effects in a naturalistic setting. The study is concerned with the impact of noise on attentional… 

Figures from this paper

Aircraft Noise and Children: Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Evidence on Adaptation to Noise and the Effectiveness of Noise Abatement

Longitudinal and cross-sectional data on effects of aircraft noise on elementary school children are presented as evidence for the effects of community noise on behavior. To examine the generality of

The Effects of Aircraft Noise on Children's Memory and Attention

Children have been shown to be particularly vulnerable to the effects of chronic exposure to noise and also aircraft noise. Children attending schools in the vicinity of airports have shown cognitive


  • Psychology
  • 2002
A study has been carried out to investigate the ways in which different irrelevant sound sources interfere with children’s processing of verbal and non-verbal tasks. Around 160 eight-year-old

Nonauditory Effects of Noise on Behavior and Health

This article presents an overview of research and theory on the nonauditory effects of noise on human behavior and health. Laboratory and naturalistic research on the effects of noise on human

Chronic aircraft noise exposure, stress responses, mental health and cognitive performance in school children

The results suggest that chronic aircraft noise exposure is associated with impaired reading comprehension and high levels of noise annoyance but not mental health problems in children.

The effects of environmental and classroom noise on the academic attainments of primary school children.

External noise was found to have a significant negative impact upon performance, the effect being greater for the older children, and Linear regression analysis has been used to estimate the maximum levels of external and internal noise which allow the schools surveyed to achieve required standards of literacy and numeracy.

Children's cognition and aircraft noise exposure at home--the West London Schools Study.

A significant dose-response relationship was found between aircraft noise exposure at home and performance on memory tests of immediate/delayed recall, however there was no strong association with the other cognitive outcomes.

Non-auditory effect of community noise on interval timing in humans: an exploration

Several physiological disorders and impairment of cognition have been ascribed to the effects of noise. In the present study, we assessed the consequence of noise on interval timing – one of the

A follow-up study of effects of chronic aircraft noise exposure on child stress responses and cognition.

The results do not support the sustained attention hypothesis previously used to account for the effects of noise on cognition in children, and the reading and annoyance effects do not habituate over a one-year period and do not provide strong evidence of adaptation.

ResearchNeurobehavioral effects of transportation noise in primary schoolchildren : a cross-sectional study

Background: Due to shortcomings in the design, no source-specific exposure-effect relations are as yet available describing the effects of noise on children's cognitive performance. This paper




The results of research dealing with the effects of nois, on intrapersonal behavior suggest a variety of possible consequences for interpersonal functiDning. The effects of various levels of noise on

Background and Focal Environmental Conditions of the Home and Attention in Young Children1

A conceptual distinction is drawn between two aspects of the perceptual field, focal features which the individual selectively engages and extraneous background conditions which serve as a context

Noise and Inattentiveness to Social Cues

Results from a variety of studies suggest that under conditions of arousal and/or information overload, attention is focused on task-relevant cues at the cost of those that are less relevant to task

Effects of noise and perceived control on ongoing and subsequent aggressive behavior.

Two experiments examined the effects of high-intensity (95 dB [A]) noise on ongoing and postnoise aggressive behavior and found that angered subjects with no control revealed an increase in aggression, whereas perceived-control subjects were no different from no-noise subjects.

Effect of Loud Noise on Attentional Selectivity

The effects of loud noise are examined by observing its influence upon a combined tracking and multi-source monitoring task, which improves in noise, as does the detection of centrally located signals in the monitoring task.

Jet noise at schools near Los Angeles International Airport.

An investigation of aircraft operation alternatives indicated that the noise could be reduced by 10 dB or more if engine power were properly managed when the aircraft approaches the school areas, or if the aircraft approached at higher altitudes and landed further to the west on the unused 6000‐ft‐long portion of the 12 000‐ft-long runways.

Extra-auditory effects of noise as a health hazard.

Evidence is presented to illustrate how noise, acting as a nonspecific physiologic stress, can alter endocrine, cardiovascular, and neurologic functions and also cause biochemical changes having possible health significance to workers in noisy industries.

Multiple regression as a general data-analytic system.

Techniques for using multiple regression (MR) as a general variance-accounting procedure of great flexibility, power, and fidelity to research aims in both manipulative and observational