Physics and technological aspects of nanofluidics.

  title={Physics and technological aspects of nanofluidics.},
  author={Lyd{\'e}ric Bocquet and Patrick Tabeling},
  journal={Lab on a chip},
  volume={14 17},
From a physical perspective, nanofluidics represents an extremely rich domain. It hosts many mechanisms acting on the nanoscale, which combine together or interact with the confinement to generate new phenomena. Superfast flows in carbon nanotubes, nonlinear electrokinetic transport, slippage over smooth surfaces, nanobubble stability, etc. are the most striking phenomena that have been unveiled over the past few years, and some of them are still awaiting an explanation. One may anticipate that… 

Figures from this paper

Nanofluidics: A New Arena for Materials Science

  • Yan Xu
  • Materials Science
    Advanced materials
  • 2018
In the past few years, burgeoning progress has been made toward this trend, as overviewed in this article, including materials and methods for fabricating nanofluidic devices, nan ofluidics with functionalized surfaces and functional material components, as well as nanof LU for manipulating nanoscale materials and fabricating new nanomaterials.

Carbon nanostructure based mechano-nanofluidics

Fast transport of water inside carbon nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes and graphene-based nanomaterials, has addressed persistent challenges in nanofluidics. Recently reported new mechanisms

Ultrahigh fluid diffusivity in graphene-lined nanochannels

Control and understanding of the flow of fluids at nanoscales is of great significance to biology, separation science, energy technology, and medical diagnostics. Nanocarbons have emerged as one of

Combining Nanoplasmonics and Nanofluidics for Single Particle Catalysis

Nanoparticles are, due to their large exposed surface area, widely used in the field of heterogeneous catalysis where they accelerate and steer chemical reactions. Although catalysis has been known

The nanofluidic confinement apparatus: studying confinement-dependent nanoparticle behavior and diffusion

A versatile setup for investigating the behavior of nanoparticles as a function of the gap distance, which is controlled to the nanometer, and finds the height of the particles to be consistently above that of thegap center, corresponding to a higher charge on the polymer substrate.

Fast nanofluidics by travelling surface waves

During the past two decades, we see the fast development and wide applications of nanotechnologies such as micro-/ nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) Ho and Tai (1996), Ho and Tai (1998),

Solid-state nanopore systems: from materials to applications

Ion transport and hydrodynamic flow through nanometer-sized channels (nanopores) have been increasingly studied owing to not only the fundamental interest in the abundance of novel phenomena that has

Mesoporous Thin Films for Fluid Manipulation

The ability to control nanoflows is critical to design and fabricate ever more versatile nanosystems. Scientists are currently interested in finding ways to handle fluid dynamics inside nanoporous

Flow of DNA in micro/nanofluidics: From fundamentals to applications.

Advances in the understanding of polymer rheology are focused on and the emerging research trends and challenges are identified, especially with respect to future applications of nanofluidics in the biomedical field.



Transport phenomena in nanofluidics

This thesis explores transport phenomena in nanochannels on a chip. Fundamental nanofluidic ionic studies form the basis for novel separation and preconcentration applications for proteomic purposes.

Giant osmotic energy conversion measured in a single transmembrane boron nitride nanotube

The fabrication and use of a hierarchical nanofluidic device made of a boron nitride nanotubes that pierces an ultrathin membrane and connects two fluid reservoirs is described, which allows the detailed study of fluidic transport through a single nanotube under diverse forces, including electric fields, pressure drops and chemical gradients.

Nanobubbles and micropancakes: gaseous domains on immersed substrates

  • J. SeddonD. Lohse
  • Physics
    Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
  • 2011
The current state of research in the field is summarized and an overview of the partial answers that have been proposed or that can be inferred to date is given, to build a framework within which nucleation may be understood.

Sub-additive ionic transport across arrays of solid-state nanopores

It is reported that, in contrast to naive expectations, long-range mutual interaction across an array of nanopores leads to a non-extensive, sub-linear scaling of the global conductance on the number of pores N.

Nanofluidic transport governed by the liquid/vapour interface.

It is shown experimentally that mass transport is limited by molecular reflection from the liquid/vapour interface below a certain length scale, which depends on the transmission probability of water molecules across the nanopores and on the condensation probability of a water molecule incident on the liquid surface.

Extended-nano fluidic systems for analytical and chemical technologies.

This review focuses on pressure-driven or shear-driven extended-nano fluidic systems and illustrates the basic nanofluidics and the representative applications.

Soft nanofluidic transport in a soap film.

In contrast to systems confined between solid surfaces, the soft nature of the nanochannel results furthermore in a thickening of the film, which increases the total electro-osmotic flow rate, which behaves nonlinearly with the applied electric field.

The interplay between apparent viscosity and wettability in nanoconfined water.

Comparison of the experimental data with the model shows that interfacial viscous forces and compressive dissipation in nanoconfined water can decrease up to two orders of magnitude due to slippage, which offers a new understanding of interfacial fluids, which can be used to control flow at the nanoscale.

Ultrahigh interlayer friction in multiwalled boron nitride nanotubes.

The interlayer viscous friction of BNNTs suggests that BNNT membranes could serve as extremely efficient shock-absorbing surfaces, and is ascribed to the ionic character of the BN, which allows charge localization.

Large apparent electric size of solid-state nanopores due to spatially extended surface conduction.

An unexpectedly large ionic conduction in solid-state nanopores is demonstrated, taking its origin in anomalous entrance effects, and can have a major impact on the electrical detection of translocation events through nanopores, as well as for ionic transport in biological nanopores.