Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars

  title={Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars},
  author={Andre Maeder},
Stellar Equilibrium With and Without Rotation.- The Mechanical Equilibrium of Stars.- The Mechanical Equilibrium of Rotating Stars.- The Energetic Equilibrium of Stars.- The Energy Conservation and Radiative Equilibrium in Rotating Stars.- Stellar Convection.- Overshoot, Semiconvection, Thermohaline Convection, Rotation and Solberg-Hoiland Criterion.- Physical Properties of Stellar Matter.- The Equation of State.- The Opacities.- Nuclear Reactions and Neutrino Processes.- Hydrodynamical… 

Rotating massive stars through the ages, with applications to WR stars, Pop III stars and Gamma Ray Bursts

This article first reviews the basic physics of rotating stars and their evolution. We examine in particular the changes of the mechanical and thermal equilibrium of rotating stars. An important

Massive star formation by accretion II. Rotation: how to circumvent the angular momentum barrier?

Rotation plays a key role in the star-formation process, from pre-stellar cores to pre-main-sequence (PMS) objects. Understanding the formation of massive stars requires taking into account the

Lithium depletion and angular momentum transport in solar-type stars

Context. Transport processes occurring in the radiative interior of solar-type stars are evidenced by the surface variation of light elements, in particular 7Li, and the evolution of their rotation

Differential rotation in rapidly rotating early-type stars. I. Motivations for combined spectroscopic and interferometric studies

Context. Since the external regions of the envelopes of rapidly rotating early-type stars are unstable to convection, a coupling may exist between the convection and the internal rotation. Aims. We

Rotation and magnetism in intermediate-mass stars

Rotation and magnetism are increasingly recognized as important phenomena in stellar evolution. Surface magnetic fields from a few to $20{,}000\,$G have been observed and models have suggested that

Critical angular velocity and anisotropic mass loss of rotating stars with radiation-driven winds

Context. The understanding of the evolution of early-type stars is tightly related to that of the effects of rapid rotation. For massive stars, rapid rotation combines with their strong

Rotating models of young solar-type stars Exploring braking laws and angular momentum transport processes

Context. Understanding the angular momentum evolution of stars is one of the greatest challenges of modern stellar physics. Aims: We study the predicted rotational evolution of solar-type stars from

Angular Momentum Transport in Stellar Interiors

Stars lose a significant amount of angular momentum between birth and death, implying that efficient processes transporting it from the core to the surface are active. Space asteroseismology

The magneto-rotational instability in massive stars

Context. The magneto-rotational instability (MRI) has been proposed as a mechanism to transport angular momentum (AM) and chemical elements in theoretical stellar models. Aims. Using as a prototype a

The Interior Angular Momentum of Core Hydrogen Burning Stars from Gravity-mode Oscillations

A major uncertainty in the theory of stellar evolution is the angular momentum distribution inside stars and its change during stellar life. We compose a sample of 67 stars in the core hydrogen