Physicochemical stability of crystalline sugars and their spray-dried forms: dependence upon relative humidity and suitability for use in powder inhalers.


Lactose, trehalose, sucrose, and mannitol were purchased in crystalline form and fractionated by sieving. Coarse (125-212 microns) and fine (44-74 microns) free-flowing fractions were selected as typical of drug carriers in dry-powder inhalers. In addition, one batch of each sugar was spray-dried to form a respirable powder (> 50% [w/w], < 5 microns). Both… (More)