Physico-chemical properties and local toxic effects of injectables.

In Japan, many cases of muscle contracture as a sequela of injections have been reported. We studied the physico-chemical properties and muscle-damaging potential of many injectables which are commonly used in hospitals. Contrary to our expectations, the pH of the injectables was found to range widely from 1.4 to 12.8, and the osmotic ratio from 0.2 to 36… CONTINUE READING