Studies with lysine N6-hydroxylase. Effect of a mutation in the assumed FAD binding site on coenzyme affinities and on lysine hydroxylating activity.
A recombinant cytoplasmic preparation of lysine: N6-hydroxylase, IucD398, with a deletion of 47 amino acids at the N-terminus, was purified to homogeneity. IucD398 is capable of N-hydroxylation of L-lysine upon supplementation with FAD and NADPH. The enzyme is stringently specific with L-lysine and (S)-2-aminoethyl-L-cysteine serving as substrates. Protonophores, FCCP and CCCP, as well as cinnamylidene, have been found to serve as potent inhibitors of lysine: N6-hydroxylation by virtue of their ability to interfere in the reduction of the flavin cofactor.