Physicians’ attitudes towards euthanasia in Finland: would training in palliative care make a difference?

  title={Physicians’ attitudes towards euthanasia in Finland: would training in palliative care make a difference?},
  author={Maria Silvoniemi and T Vasankari and Tero Vahlberg and K. E. Clemens and E. Salminen},
  journal={Palliative Medicine},
  pages={744 - 746}
Euthanasia is currently not legal in Finland, but discussions about legalization have recently been conducted among the general public. There are concerns that adequate care in end-of-life should be available in the light of an increasing number of elderly people with terminal disease. When treating incurable patients in end-of life situations physicians are often confronted with complex decisions which can evoke strong emotions and distress. This can be difficult to manage without proper… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Opinions of health care professionals and the public after eight years of euthanasia legislation in the Netherlands: A mixed methods approach
It is concluded that there is ample support for the law after eight years of legal euthanasia, with health care professionals and the general public mostly support the legal requirements for euthanasia and PAS. Expand
Descriptions of euthanasia as social representations: comparing the views of Finnish physicians and religious professionals.
The article shows how the social representations of euthanasia are used to protect professional identities and to justify their expert knowledge of death and dying. Expand
Attitudes of Suicide Prevention Workers toward Euthanasia
The results showed that mental health workers generally have positive attitudes towards euthanasia and assisted suicide, with more favorable attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide than to euthanasia. Expand
A Comparison of Attitudes Toward Euthanasia Among Medical Students at Two Polish Universities
Differences observed between medical students at the two universities were found to have different opinions on practicing euthanasia, euthanasia law and possible abuse which might follow euthanasia legalisation, but they shared similar views on the choice of euthanasia if they themselves were incurably ill and the legalised euthanasia. Expand
The place of permanent residence has a significant connection with some of the students’ answers regarding their attitudes toward euthanasia, and the results might be associated with cultural and value differences between small and big communities. Expand
Physicians’ self-assessment of cancer pain treatment skills—more training required
To have more confidence in treating cancer, pain physicians would benefit in training and education in palliative care, which should be systematically included both in general and specialist training and continuous medical education. Expand
To end life or not to prolong life: The effect of message framing on attitudes toward euthanasia
  • Eyal Gamliel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of health psychology
  • 2013
Two theoretical explanations for the effect of message framing on attitudes toward euthanasia are offered and implications of this effect are discussed, and future research is suggested. Expand
Medication safety and the usability of electronic prescribing as perceived by physicians—A semistructured interview among primary health care physicians in Finland
According to Finnish physicians interviewed, ePrescriptions have facilitated prescribing in some respects, however, the ePrescribing system still has problems and the Prescription Centre cannot be fully used for the management of a patient's overall medication. Expand
From Memory to Attitude: The Neurocognitive Process beyond Euthanasia Acceptance
Numerous questionnaire studies on attitudes towards euthanasia produced conflicting results, precluding any general conclusion. This might be due to the fact that human behavior can be influenced byExpand
Accelerating the public’s learning curve on wicked policy issues: results from deliberative forums on euthanasia
The concept of wicked problems has been increasingly recognized in policy studies over the last decade. However, 40 years after the concept was introduced, the bulk of the available research stillExpand


Legalisation of euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide: survey of doctors’ attitudes
This study reports UK doctors’ opinions about legalisation of medically assisted dying (euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide), comparing this with the UK general public. A postal survey of 3733Expand
Attitudes towards euthanasia among physicians, nurses and the general public in Finland.
Investigation of attitudes of physicians, nurses and the general public to physician-assisted suicide, active voluntary euthanasia and passive euthanasia in Finland concluded that PE was largely accepted among Finnish medical professionals and the public. Expand
Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in Scandinavia — with a conceptual suggestion regarding international research in relation to the phenomena
This article analyses and compares recent research on Scandinavian physicians' attitudes towards, as well as their practice of, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide and suggests what it takes to be detailed and precise definitions of the terms euthanasiaand physician- assisted suicide for use internationally. Expand
Attitudes toward active euthanasia among medical students at two German universities
The high proportion of pro-AE attitudes among students with and without palliative medicine tuition gives reason to reconsider both ‘standard’ and palliatives medicine tuition for medical students. Expand
A UK Perspective on Worldwide Inadequacies in Palliative Care Training: A Short Postgraduate Course Is Proposed
A 3-day course which has been successfully run in the West Midlands, UK, since 1997 for family physicians in training is described, showing how undergraduate and postgraduate education and training in the care of the dying and bereaved is inadequate worldwide. Expand
Physicians' attitudes towards end-of-life decisions: a comparison between seven countries.
There was large variation in support--between and within countries--for medical decision that may result in the hastening of death, and a principal component factor analysis found that 58% of the variance of the responses is explained by four factors. Expand
Attitudes and Practices of U.S. Oncologists regarding Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
The American Society of Clinical Oncology surveyed all of its U.S. members about end-of-life care practices and found that oncologists are likely to have to address the issue of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide more often than other physicians. Expand
[Tuition in palliative medicine. Does it have an impact on future physicians' attitudes toward active euthanasia?].
A clear influence of tuition in palliative medicine on the rejection attitude of students towards active euthanasia is demonstrated, however, the attitude proactive euthanasia was still high and the results indicate that tuition inPalliative Medicine must be modified and substantially intensified. Expand
Attitudes of Finnish doctors towards euthanasia in 1993 and 2003
Questionnaire studies on the attitudes of Finnish doctors towards euthanasia were conducted in 1993 and 2003, and the results show that they have not become more positive.
Physician gender effects in medical communication: a meta-analytic review.
Female primary care physicians engage in more communication that can be considered patient centered and have longer visits than their male colleagues, and gender-related practice patterns in some subspecialties may differ from those evident in primary care. Expand