Physicians' Empathy and Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Patients

@article{Hojat2011PhysiciansEA,
  title={Physicians' Empathy and Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Patients},
  author={Mohammadreza Hojat and Daniel Z. Louis and Fred W. Markham and Richard C Wender and Carol Rabinowitz and Joseph S. Gonnella},
  journal={Academic Medicine},
  year={2011},
  volume={86},
  pages={359-364}
}
Purpose To test the hypothesis that physicians' empathy is associated with positive clinical outcomes for diabetic patients. Method A correlational study design was used in a university-affiliated outpatient setting. Participants were 891 diabetic patients, treated between July 2006 and June 2009, by 29 family physicians. Results of the most recent hemoglobin A1c and LDL-C tests were extracted from the patients' electronic records. The results of hemoglobin A1c tests were categorized into good… 
The Relationship Between Physician Empathy and Disease Complications: An Empirical Study of Primary Care Physicians and Their Diabetic Patients in Parma, Italy
TLDR
It is suggested that physician empathy is significantly associated with clinical outcome for patients with diabetes mellitus and should be considered an important component of clinical competence.
Patient-rated physicians' empathy and its determinants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
TLDR
Multilevel linear regression modeling revealed that having a health professional in the family, suffering from an acute illness, consulting a physician recommended by relatives/friends, trusting the physicians' expertise, shorter (<10 min) waiting time, and perceived adequate consultation time were associated with higher empathy ratings.
Measurement of Patient's Perception Levels With Reference to Physician’s Empathy: Private Hospitals Scenario
TLDR
Providing better working conditions for the physicians and preparing the educational plans to increase the health information of patients could improve the physician's empathy with the patients and patient will get better health services.
Physician Empathy Is Not Associated with Laboratory Outcomes in Diabetes: a Cross-sectional Study
TLDR
Assessment of associations between physician empathy and glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA1c) as well as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in patients with diabetes concluded that interventions to increase physician empathy may result in more patient-centered care, but they may not improve clinical outcomes in Patients with diabetes.
Association of Physicians’ Empathy with Adherence to Treatment among Diabetic Patients at King Fahd Hospital, Medina, KSA
TLDR
Type 2 diabetic patient’s adherence to treatment as indicated by their HbA1c level is associated with higher physician empathy as perceived by these patients and with a more controllable diabetic status as indicatedby their HBA1C level.
Physicians' self-assessed empathy levels do not correlate with patients' assessments
TLDR
The lack of correlation between self-assessed empathy levels and patients’ perceptions suggests patients should be included in the process of empathy evaluation.
Medical Students’ Empathy Level Differences by Medical Year, Gender, and Specialty Interest in Akdeniz University
TLDR
While the clinical empathy levels of medical students decreased significantly after 3rd year, the general empathy levels decreased less, which shows that the medical education curriculum and educational environment should be reviewed and more time dedicated to empathy education in order to prevent the decrease in empathy level and increase empathy during medical education.
Empathic Communication and Essential Instruction for Medical Students
TLDR
In the survey, medical students had significantly low empathy level; therefore cultural education and professionalism training is needed because empathy has a therapeutic effect for patients.
Physician Empathy and Diabetes Outcomes
TLDR
1. Technical Dissimilarities and Confounding Institutional Factors: The Cleveland Clinic is reputed for offering mandatory communication training to physicians which can alter physician-patient relationships.
Empathy for patient care in medical students: new evidence on the importance of self-transcendence
  • M. Miniotti
  • Psychology
    Psychology, health & medicine
  • 2020
TLDR
It is confirmed that female medical students are more empathetic than males and it is suggested that the greater students' Self-transcendence is, the moreempathetic towards patient care they are.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty.
TLDR
Three meaningful factors emerged (perspective taking, compassionate care, and standing in the patient's shoes) to provide support for the construct validity of the empathy scale that was found to be internally consistent with relatively stable scores over time.
Assessment of Empathy in a Standardized-Patient Examination
TLDR
To determine the extent to which 4th-year medical students were checked "empathic" by standardized patients on a performance-based examination, and to evaluate the psychometric properties of this simple empathy measure, to see whether empathy was related to clinical performance on history taking and physical examination.
The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Further Psychometric Data and Differences by Gender and Specialty at Item Level
TLDR
It is found that female students and physicians scored higher in empathy than males, and a significant overlap between empathy and clinical competence constitutes key validity evidence for the empathy scale.
Association of perceived physician communication style with patient satisfaction, distress, cancer-related self-efficacy, and perceived control over the disease
TLDR
The overall results showed that higher PPRI scores of physician attentiveness and empathy were associated with greater patient satisfaction, increased self-efficacy, and reduced emotional distress following the consultation, suggesting that communication is a core clinical skill in oncology.
The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Development and Preliminary Psychometric Data
TLDR
Psychometric findings provided support for the construct validity, criterion-related validity (convergent and discriminant), and internal consistency reliability (coefficient alpha) of the scale scores.
The Effects of Physician Empathy on Patient Satisfaction and Compliance
TLDR
Health providers who wish to improve patient satisfaction and compliance should first identify components of their empathic communication needing improvement and then try to refine their skills to better serve patients.
Physician-patient psychosocial characteristics influencing medical decision-making.
Ten approaches for enhancing empathy in health and human services cultures.
  • M. Hojat
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of health and human services administration
  • 2009
TLDR
10 approaches for enhancing empathy in the health care environment are described: improving interpersonal skills, audio- or video-taping of encounters with patients, exposure to role models, role playing, shadowing a patient (patient navigator), hospitalization experiences, studying literature and the arts, improving narrative skills, theatrical performances, and the Balint method.
The value of empathy in dietetic consultations. A pilot study to investigate its effect on satisfaction, autonomy and agreement.
TLDR
The data suggest that professionals' responses to empathic opportunities may be a useful component of dietetic consultations and that patients reported more autonomy support when they created more empathy opportunities during their consultation.
Is There Hardening of the Heart During Medical School?
TLDR
The findings suggest that undergraduate medical education may be a major determinant differentially affecting the vicarious empathy of students on the basis of gender and/or specialty choice.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...