Musculoskeletal conditions are important contributors to United States healthcare spending and are certain to play an important role in the future as the population continues to age. Almost half of the population of the United States experiences a musculoskeletal condition annually. Meeting the needs of these individuals within a changing healthcare delivery and reimbursement environment prompted a recent Summit sponsored by the United States Bone and Joint Initiative (USBJI). The Summit dealt with a topic critical to the future of healthcare for clinicians, consumers, and payers alike: value. We do not operate within a value-based healthcare system. Our current delivery system continues to reward volumes, not value. Failure to focus on value has had devastating consequences. The challenge of shifting from a volume-based to a value-based system is central to the future of healthcare. Discussion and action will be critical for the physical therapy profession moving into the future.