Physical constrints on the evolution of ctenophore size and shape

@article{Craig2005PhysicalCO,
  title={Physical constrints on the evolution of ctenophore size and shape},
  author={Catherine Lee Craig and Akira Ōkubo},
  journal={Evolutionary Ecology},
  year={2005},
  volume={4},
  pages={115-129}
}
SummaryCilia bundled into combs or ctenes are an evolutionary innovation that allow comb jellies (animals in the phylum Ctenophora) to swim faster and grow to sizes at least two orders of magnitude larger than animals that propel themselves by beating single cilia. Ctenophore size, shape and swimming behaviors, however, may be constrained by the mechanisms that coordinate comb plate oscillations.Oscillations of comb plates onPleurobrachia bachei (a cydippid comb jelly), are coupled by fluid… 

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