Physical basis of cognitive alterations in alzheimer's disease: Synapse loss is the major correlate of cognitive impairment

@article{Terry1991PhysicalBO,
  title={Physical basis of cognitive alterations in alzheimer's disease: Synapse loss is the major correlate of cognitive impairment},
  author={Robert D. Terry and Eliezer Masliah and David P. Salmon and Nelson M. Butters and Richard M. DeTeresa and Robert Hill and Lawrence A. Hansen and Robert Katzman.},
  journal={Annals of Neurology},
  year={1991},
  volume={30}
}
We present here both linear regressions and multivariate analyses correlating three global neuropsychological tests with a number of structural and neurochemical measurements performed on a prospective series of 15 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 9 neuropathologically normal subjects. The statistical data show only weak correlations between psychometric indices and plaques and tangles, but the density of neocortical synapses measured by a new immunocytochemical/densitometric technique… 

Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain

  • R. Terry
  • Biology, Psychology
    Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology
  • 2006
The frequencies of each of the several types of dementia are enumerated, showing that Alzheimer’s disease is present in about 80% of cases and the strongest structural correlate with cognitive tests is synapse loss, which is probably caused by Aβ oligopeptides in the terminal axons and dendrites.

Synaptic pathology in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer dementia

Data from a cohort of AD patients and other recent morphologic data do not support the hypothesis that amyloid deposition is a major pathogenic factor of both neuronal and synaptic loss in aging and AD.

Alzheimer's disease-related alterations in synaptic density: neocortex and hippocampus.

The ultrastructural studies assessing AD-related synaptic loss are reviewed and the possible compensatory changes in the synaptic complex that occur as a result of the loss in brain connectivity are reviewed.

Pathological substrates of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease.

The present review discusses the complex structure/function relationships in brain aging and AD within the theoretical framework of the functional neuropathology of brain aging.

Neocortical neurofibrillary tangles correlate with dementia severity in Alzheimer's disease.

Data support the notion that neocortical neuronal degeneration, as indicated by NFT formation, is a critical determinant of the clinical progression of Alzheimer's disease and suggest that medial temporal lobe structures may represent the initial site of NFT Formation.

Correspondence amongst the PENO Test Battery Cognitive Results and Hippocampal Lesions in Alzheimer's Disease

The results strongly supported the use of the PENO battery test to evaluate the progression of cognitive impairment in AD prone individuals and patients due to the strong correlation of the test results with histopathological brain lesions characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease.

Synaptic Pathology in Dementia

This chapter reviews and summarizes some of the morphological evidence for Alzheimer-related synaptic loss in the neocortex and hippocampus and suggests decline in synaptic plasticity may represent a loss of brain plasticity.

Altered synaptic function in Alzheimer's disease.

Clinical correlates of cortical and nucleus basalis pathology in Alzheimer dementia.

The specificity of pathology in cortical vs subcortical locations for predicting a particular quality of neuropsychological deficit probably reflects disruption of corticocortical connections vs derangement of the basal forebrain cholinergic system.
...

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