Physical and Psychological Health Following Military Sexual Assault: Recommendations for Care, Research, and Policy

  title={Physical and Psychological Health Following Military Sexual Assault: Recommendations for Care, Research, and Policy},
  author={Coreen A Farris and Terry L. Schell and Terri Tanielian},
Abstract : Awareness of sexual violence within the military has been increasing both within the Department of Defense (DoD) and in civilian sectors. Research evidence suggests that sexual victimization among servicemembers is associated with significant physical and psychological consequences for the victim. Furthermore, violence within the ranks represents a threat to good order and discipline and undermines the command structure. Since 2005, with the support of the armed services, the DoD… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Vulnerabilities in Military Rape Culture
The Department of Defense (DOD) and Veterans Administration have inherited a crisis of gigantic proportion in the growing rates of MST. In particular, treatment for sexual assault can be complex andExpand
Targeting Alcohol Misuse: A Promising Strategy for Reducing Military Sexual Assaults?
An extensive review of the existing research provides some guidance for how DoD can implement and evaluate efforts to reduce alcohol misuse as part of a larger strategy to reduce the incidence of sexual assault among members of the armed forces. Expand
The Perceptions of Sexual Assault Prevention According to Military Spouses
It was found that the majority of military spouses are not familiar with the resources and services available to victims of sexual assault, and the overarching implication is that a prevention program for military spouses is needed to familiarize them with reporting options and services as well as mitigate occurrences ofSexual assault through training and education. Expand
Military-related sexual assault in Canada: a cross-sectional survey.
Canadian military women are at increased risk for sexual assault and military-related sexual assault relative to their male counterparts, and women who reported military- related sexual assault are more likely to have experienced mental disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder. Expand
Military Sexual Assault: Chronology of Activity in Congress and Related Resources
Report that focuses on activity in Congress regarding recent high profile incidents of sexual assault in the military. Included are separate sections on the official responses related to theseExpand
Seeking help for the health sequelae of military sexual trauma: a theory-driven model of the role of institutional betrayal
  • R. Holliday, L. Monteith
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2019
A theoretical model of the role of institutional betrayal on help-seeking is proposed in which institutional betrayal serves as a potential barrier to utilizing MST-related healthcare. Expand
The experience of exercise: Women survivors of sexual violence
Sexual violence is pervasive in the lives of women across the globe. Survivors commonly experience a range of mental health conditions following sexual trauma, rendering the development andExpand
Male Sexual Assault in the Military
This chapter explores the research on male military sexual trauma. The chapter defines the phenomenon of rape myth and how victim blaming stereotypes contribute to the silent epidemic of male sexualExpand
Estimating the organizational cost of sexual assault in the U.S. military
Abstract : This research estimates the organizational costs of sexual-assault incidents involving active-duty members of the U.S. military in FY 2012. The study builds on previous work by Robert H.Expand
Nursing advocacy for women veterans and suicide.
It is suggested the importance of nursing advocacy to create better rapport and communication with women Veterans from Vietnam, Gulf I, Iraq, and Afghanistan wars seeking care at civilian health facilities, as some may present with suicidal ideologies. Expand


Sexual assault in the U.S. military: A review of the literature and recommendations for the future.
The purpose of the current review was to examine sexual assault in the United States military. The current paper reviews prevalence rates, factors that may contribute to the high rates of sexualExpand
Experiences of Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault in the Military Among OEF/OIF Veterans: Implications for Health Care Providers
An overview of clinical care with survivors of sexual trauma in the military, particularly those who are OEF/OIF Veterans is provided. Expand
Preventing the “Second Rape”
The trauma of rape extends far beyond the assault itself, as negative community responses can significantly elevate distress, and postassault contact with community systems exacerbated rape victims' psychological and physical health distress. Expand
Health‐Related Consequences of Physical and Sexual Violence: Women in the Military
This study suggests that the sequelae of violence against women are an important public health concern, with limitations of physical and emotional health, educational and financial attainment, and severe, recurrent problems with work and social activities. Expand
The Sexual Assault and Secondary Victimization of Female Veterans: Help-Seeking Experiences with Military and Civilian Social Systems
A sample of predominantly low-income, African American female veterans and reservists seeking health care in a Veterans' Administration medical clinic was screened for a history of sexual assaultExpand
Sexual harassment and assault experienced by reservists during military service: prevalence and health correlates.
For both men and women, these experiences were associated with deleterious mental and physical health conditions, with sexual assault demonstrating stronger associations than other types of sexual harassment in most cases. Expand
Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military. Fiscal Year 2012. Volume 2
Findings from the 2012 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members (2012 WGRA) are discussed, a source of information for evaluating these programs and for assessing the gender-relations environment in the active duty force. Expand
The Prevalence of Military Sexual Assault Among Female Veterans' Administration Outpatients
The authors report the prevalence of military sexual violence and make comparisons among women veterans who report they experienced sexual violence while in the military and those who did not, using data from the Veterans' Administration Womens' Health Project. Expand
Factors associated with women's risk of rape in the military environment.
Military environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service, including sexual harassment allowed by officers, and work and living environments where unwanted sexual behaviors occurred were associated with increased odds of rape. Expand
Military Sexual Trauma
The literature documenting the prevalence of military sexual trauma (MST) and its associated mental and physical health consequences is reviewed and researchers are encouraged to utilize standardized definitions of MST, employ standardized assessment methodology, and utilize more male veterans in future research. Expand