Physical activity and diabetes prevention.

@article{LaMonte2005PhysicalAA,
  title={Physical activity and diabetes prevention.},
  author={Michael J. LaMonte and Steven N. Blair and Timothy S. Church},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2005},
  volume={99 3},
  pages={
          1205-13
        }
}
Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and is associated with a large economic burden, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and premature mortality. Hyperglycemia is the hallmark clinical manifestation of diabetes and evolves through a multifactorial etiology of genetic, environmental, and behavioral enablers. Approximately 90% of diabetes cases are the non-insulin-dependent phenotype, which is characterized by a progressive deterioration in insulin-mediated glucose disposal… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

[Metabolic and cardiovascular effects of physical activity, exercise and fitness in patients with type 2 diabetes].

This review is focussing on recent studies that have examined the effects of increased physical activity and fitness on metabolic and cardiovascular parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.

The Role of Physical Activity in the Primary Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes via the Amelioration of Insulin Resistance.

The case for physical activity as a tool of primary prevention, in the population of non-diabetics and high risk individuals (IFG & IGT), in reference to obesity related insulin resistance, is presented.

Epidemiological studies of exercise in diabetes prevention.

The review of the scientific evidence confirms that 30 min/d of moderate- or high-level physical activity is an effective and safe way to prevent type 2 diabetes in all populations.

Impaired fitness or obesity

Cardiorespiratory fitness has been shown to be a more powerful parameter in the prevention of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease than obesity.

Exercise improves cardiac autonomic function in obesity and diabetes.

Exercise for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome

Both aerobic and resistance exercise have therapeutic value, largely independent of weight loss, and should be included in exercise programs.

Exercise is Medicine - The Importance of Physical Activity, Exercise Training, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Obesity in the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.

Any plan to deal with the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes must give major attention to low PA and how this can be reversed in the general population.

Exercise therapy – the public health message

It is now undeniable that sedentary lifestyles are one of the most significant public health problems of the 21st century.

Physical activity and health: Metabolic and cardiovascular issues

Evidence from a large number of observational studies and also from controlled trials indicates that reaching sufficient levels of physical activity would decrease substantially the disease burden caused by metabolic and cardiovascular diseases.

Biological mechanisms of stroke prevention by physical activity in type 2 diabetes

The aim of the present review is to discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the effect of physical activity in preventing stroke in type 2 diabetes.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 90 REFERENCES

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association.

This statement examines the cardiovascular complications of diabetes mellitus and considers opportunities for their prevention. These complications include coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke,

Physical activity, metabolic factors, and the incidence of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

The relationship between physical activity and type 2 diabetes appears to be mediated by serum true insulin level and components of the insulin resistance syndrome, however, these factors do not appear to explain the inverse relationship betweenPhysical activity and coronary heart disease.

The Association between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Impaired Fasting Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Men

The relation of cardiorespiratory fitness, objectively determined by a maximal exercise test on a treadmill, to the incidence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes is examined.

Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Physical Inactivity as Predictors of Mortality in Men with Type 2 Diabetes

This complete review of the patient's medical history and the subsequent physical examination are strengths of the ACLS and provide a more thorough evaluation of baseline health status than is possible in many epidemiologic studies.

Physical Activity in Relation to Cardiovascular Disease and Total Mortality Among Men With Type 2 Diabetes

Physical activity was associated with reduced risk of CVD, cardiovascular death, and total mortality in men with type 2 diabetes and walking and walking pace were associated with reducing total mortality.

Physical activity, body mass index, and risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with normal or impaired glucose regulation.

Increasing physical activity can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and the protective effect of physical activity was observed in subjects with an excessive BMI and elevated glucose levels.

Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by changes in the lifestyles of high-risk subjects by means of individualized counseling aimed at reducing weight, total intake of fat, and intake of saturated fat and increasing intake of fiber and physical activity.

Prevention Conference VI: Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease: Writing Group I: epidemiology.

The group is convinced of the importance of understanding and intervening early in the continuum of events that lead to CVD, starting with the metabolic syndrome as it progresses to impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and ultimately hyperglycemia.

Physical activity in the prevention of type 2 diabetes: the Finnish diabetes prevention study.

Increasing physical activity may substantially reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals, consistent with the finding that the change in total LTPA was the most strongly associated with incident diabetes.
...