Physical activity, risk of death and recurrence in breast cancer survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies

@article{Lahart2015PhysicalAR,
  title={Physical activity, risk of death and recurrence in breast cancer survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies},
  author={Ian M. Lahart and George S. Metsios and Alan Michael Nevill and Amtul Razzaq Carmichael},
  journal={Acta Oncologica},
  year={2015},
  volume={54},
  pages={635 - 654}
}
Abstract Strong evidence exists supporting the effect of lack of physical activity on the risk of developing breast cancer. However, studies examining the effects of physical activity on breast cancer outcomes, including survival and prognosis have been inconclusive. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating the association between physical activity and breast cancer recurrence and death. Methods. PubMed, EMBASE, and… 
Physical activity in breast cancer survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis on overall and breast cancer survival.
AIM To further quantify the association between physical activity (PA) after breast cancer diagnosis and all-cause mortality, breast cancer mortality and/or breast cancer recurrence. METHODS AND
Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention and Survival: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Levels of physical activity recommended in the 2018 Guidelines are associated with reduced risk and improved survival for several cancers, and more research is needed to determine the associations between physical activity and incidence for less common cancers and associations with survival for other cancers.
Physical Activity and Mortality in Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Higher prediagnosis and postdiagnosis levels of PA were associated with improved survival outcomes for at least 11 cancer types, providing support for global promotion of PA guidelines following cancer.
Epidemiology and biology of physical activity and cancer recurrence
TLDR
An overview of the current epidemiologic evidence relating physical activity to cancer recurrence and hypothesized mechanisms through which physical activity might intervene in the colorectal recurrence pathway is provided.
A Meta-analysis of the Association Between Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Mortality.
TLDR
It is found that high amounts of PA had an inverse relationship with breast-cancer-specific mortality and all-cause morality, and getting at least 300 min/wk of moderate-intensity PA will help improve the risk of breast cancer death.
Ethnic and biological differences in the association between physical activity and survival after breast cancer
TLDR
The results confirm the protective association between physical activity and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis, and demonstrate that this association significantly differs by age and cancer stage.
Does Physical Activity Have an Impact on Recurrence Dynamics in Early Breast Cancer Patients?
TLDR
Evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of developing medium-/long-term metastases in breast cancer patients is supported, through flexible regression of yearly conditional event probabilities with generalized additive models.
Effects from physical exercise on reduced cancer-related fatigue: a systematic review of systematic reviews and meta-analysis
TLDR
Some potential improvement in cancer-related fatigue in adult patients undergoing physical training during and after cancer treatments, particularly in patients with breast or prostate cancer is demonstrated.
Physical activity and survival following breast cancer.
TLDR
Physical activity, which is a modifiable lifestyle factor, should be encouraged after breast cancer diagnosis, especially in women with post-menopausal breast cancer, according to a prospective population-based cohort of Swedish women.
Weight, physical activity and breast cancer survival
  • A. McTiernan
  • Medicine
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2018
TLDR
Evidence on weight status, weight change, and physical activity and breast cancer survival is presented; potential mediating mechanisms are suggested; evidence on weight loss interventions in breast cancer survivors are summarised; and ongoing randomised clinical trials designed to test the effects of weight loss or physical activity on Breast cancer survival are described.
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TLDR
Evidence for an inverse relationship between PA and mortality in patients with breast cancer is provided and supports the notion that appropriate PA should be embraced by breast cancer survivors.
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