Physical Activity, Cognition, and Brain Outcomes: A Review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines
- PsychologyMedicine and science in sports and exercise
There is moderate-to-strong support that PA benefits cognitive functioning during early and late periods of the life span and in certain populations characterized by cognitive deficits.
Translating the neuroscience of physical activity to education
- EducationTrends in Neuroscience and Education
Acute Physical Activity Enhances Executive Functions in Children with ADHD
- PsychologyScientific Reports
It is suggested that acute physical activity utilizing exergaming has the potential to improve specific aspects of executive functions (reaction times in inhibition and switching) in children with ADHD.
Physical Activity and Cognition: A Mediating Role of Efficient Sleep
- PsychologyBehavioral sleep medicine
Sleep efficiency is one pathway by which physical activity may be associated with executive control across young and older adults.
Exercise and Pediatric Brain Development: A Call to Action.
- PsychologyPediatric exercise science
Why the field of exercise science is now well positioned to increase work on integrative perspective within developmental psychology is outlined, and how advances in electrophysiology now make such studies highly accessible and reasonable in terms of cost and convenience.
Neurocognitive Plasticity Is Associated with Cardiorespiratory Fitness Following Physical Exercise in Older Adults with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Aerobic exercise training may result in functional plasticity of high-order cognitive areas, especially, frontal regions, among older adults at risk of AD and dementia, and cardiorespiratory fitness may be an important mediating factor of the observed changes in neurocognitive functions.
Aerobic Fitness Explains Individual Differences in the Functional Brain Connectome of Healthy Young Adults
- Biology, PsychologyCerebral cortex
The results revealed several regions within frontal, temporal, parietal, and cerebellar cortex, having significant association with aerobic fitness, and provided evidence that connectivity strength between these regions and the frontoparietal network is predictive of individuals’ fluid intelligence.
Effects of aerobic capacity, age and gender on brain neural matter
- Psychology2017 Electric Electronics, Computer Science, Biomedical Engineerings' Meeting (EBBT)
The brain is one of the most complex and integrated organ in the human body which directs our muscle movements, our breathing and internal temperature, furthermore every imaginative sight,…
Drugs, games, and devices for enhancing cognition: implications for work and society
- PsychologyAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Research on pharmacological and technical methods as well as cognitive training, including game apps for the brain, in healthy people and studies in neuropsychiatric disorders are summarized.
Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function and Attention in Adult Patients With ADHD
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Psychiatry
Exercise-induced improvements in attention and processing speed in patients with ADHD are indicated, demonstrating that adult patientswith ADHD may benefit from an acute bout of exercise.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Physical activity, fitness, and gray matter volume
- Biology, PsychologyNeurobiology of Aging
A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume, and memory performance in preadolescent children
- Psychology, BiologyBrain Research
The effects of physical activity on functional MRI activation associated with cognitive control in children: a randomized controlled intervention
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Hum. Neurosci.
The results suggest that physical activity during childhood may enhance specific elements of prefrontal cortex function involved in cognitive control in 8- to 9-year-old children.
A functional MRI investigation of the association between childhood aerobic fitness and neurocognitive control
- PsychologyBiological Psychology
Moderate-intensity physical activity, hippocampal volume, and memory in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.
- PsychologyThe journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
The results suggest that the benefits of moderate PA on memory among older adults with MCI are mediated by hippocampal volume, and light PA may not reduce dementia risk among Older adults withMCI.
Physical activity and memory functions: An interventional study
- Psychology, MedicineNeurobiology of Aging
Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
- EducationNature Reviews Neuroscience
A growing number of studies support the idea that physical exercise is a lifestyle factor that might lead to increased physical and mental health throughout life, at the molecular, cellular, systems and behavioural levels.
Basal Ganglia Volume Is Associated with Aerobic Fitness in Preadolescent Children
- Psychology, BiologyDevelopmental Neuroscience
The results support the claim that the dorsal striatum is involved in cognitive control and response resolution and that these cognitive processes vary as a function of aerobic fitness.
Not only cardiovascular, but also coordinative exercise increases hippocampal volume in older adults
- Biology, PsychologyFront. Aging Neurosci.
Results revealed that motor fitness but not metabolic fitness was associated with hippocampal volume, and suggested that a high motor fitness level as well as different types of physical activity were beneficial to diminish age-related hippocampusal volume shrinkage or even increase hippocampalVolume.
Plasticity of Brain Networks in a Randomized Intervention Trial of Exercise Training in Older Adults
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Ag. Neurosci.
This study provides the first evidence for exercise-induced functional plasticity in large-scale brain systems in the aging brain, using functional connectivity techniques, and offers new insight into the role of aerobic fitness in attenuating age-related brain dysfunction.