Physical Activity and Epilepsy

  title={Physical Activity and Epilepsy},
  author={Ricardo Mario Arida and Esper Abr{\~a}o Cavalheiro and Ant{\^o}nio Carlos da Silva and F{\'u}lvio Alexandre Scorza},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
Epilepsy is a common disease found in 2% of the population, affecting people from all ages. Unfortunately, persons with epilepsy have previously been discouraged from participation in physical activity and sports for fear of inducing seizures or increasing seizure frequency. Despite a shift in medical recommendations toward encouraging rather than restricting participation, the stigma remains and persons with epilepsy continue to be less active than the general population. For this purpose… 


Physical activity of patients with epilepsy remains insufficient due to medical and social restrictions, and in most cases, physical activity and sports do not trigger seizures and worsening of the disease.

Epilepsy, Physical Activity and Sports: A Narrative Review

Available evidence suggests that PA should be encouraged in PWE in order to promote wellbeing and quality of life, and there is a need for prospective randomized controlled studies that provide stronger clinical evidence before definitive recommendations can be made.

Seizure Disorders and Exercise/Sports Participation

While there are recommended contraindications to a small number of sports, persons with epilepsy can safely participate in the majority of sports with correct counseling and observation.

Evaluation of intense physical effort in subjects with temporal lobe epilepsy.

It is suggested that physical effort to exhaustion is not a seizure-induced component and the beneficial effect of aerobic exercise in people with epilepsy is beneficial.

Evaluation of physical educators' knowledge about epilepsy.

A lack of physical educators' appropriate knowledge about epilepsy is revealed, which might contribute to the improvement of epilepsy care/management.



Epilepsy and Sports

With certain precautions virtually all sports are suitable for most epileptic patients and should therefore be encouraged, however, a small minority of hospitalised patients with severe epilepsy need the supervision of qualified trainers, coaches and volunteers.

Leisure Time Habits and Physical Fitness in Adults with Epilepsy

In comprehensive care of patients with epilepsy, it is believed that prescription of adapted physical activity is an important means of improving quality of life.

Physical Exercise in Women with Intractable Epilepsy

It is believed that 15 weeks is too short a time to establish a life‐style change and that continued physical exercise for these patients requires a well‐organized and supportive program, requiring experienced and dedicated instructors.

The effect of exercise on seizure frequency.

Conclusions from this brief study indicate the need for a more comprehensive trial, including EEGs, biochemical studies, and fitness evaluations, to determine the effects of an exercise program on seizure frequency.

Participation of epileptic patients in sports.

The athletic privileges of young people with epilepsy are often restricted by parents because of fear that injury might "make the epilepsy worse," or that resulting fatigue may precipitate further

Seizures induced by physical exercise: report of two cases.

Extensive metabolic and endocrinologic investigations during and after seizure induction gave normal results, but the pathophysiologic mechanism for exercise-induced seizures remained unclear.

Physical Exercise, Stressful Life Experience, and Depression in Adults with Epilepsy

It is suggested that problems with depression, which are common in adults with epilepsy, are significantly lower among those who exercise regularly and avoid stressful life change.

Epilepsy and contact sports. Factors contraindicating participation.

It is wrong to consider epilepsy as a disease and accept as a corollary the proposition that the individual with this disease either should or should not participate in contact sports, and the question of sports participation must be individualized on the basis of multiple factors.