Phylogeography of two European newt species — discordance between mtDNA and morphology

  title={Phylogeography of two European newt species — discordance between mtDNA and morphology},
  author={Wiesław Babik and Wojciech Branicki and Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailovi{\'c} and Dan Cogălniceanu and Istv{\'a}n Sas and Kurtuluş Olgun and Nikolai A. Poyarkov and Mario Garc{\'i}a‐Par{\'i}s and Jan W. Arntzen},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
The newts Triturus vulgaris and Triturus montandoni are sister species that exhibit contrasting levels of intraspecific morphological variation. Triturus vulgaris has a broad Eurasiatic distribution encompassing both formerly glaciated and unglaciated areas and shows substantial morphological differentiation in the southern part of its range, while T. montandoni, confined to the Carpathians, is morphologically uniform. We analysed sequence variation of two mtDNA fragments of the total length of… 

On glacial refugia, genetic diversity, and microevolutionary processes: deep phylogeographical structure in the endemic newt Lissotriton italicus1

It is suggested that the occurrence of phases of allopatric divergence (eventually followed by secondary admixture) could be a common, albeit probably underrated feature in the history of formation of hotspots of intraspecific diversity.

Phylogeography of the rare Balkan endemic Martino's vole, Dinaromys bogdanovi, reveals strong differentiation within the western Balkan Peninsula

It is hypothesized that the topographical complexity of the Balkans promoted allopatry and isolation on a small geographical scale during interglacial periods, with secondary contact during glacial maxima, suggesting three independent glacial differentiation centres within the western Balkans.

Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of Lissotriton boscai (Caudata, Salamandridae): evidence for old, multiple refugia in an Iberian endemic

The significant genetic structure found is consistent with long‐term survival of populations in allopatric refugia, supporting the ‘Refugia‐within‐refugia’ scenario for southern European peninsulas and suggests that Mediterranean refuges had more relevance for the composition and distribution of present biodiversity patterns than currently acknowledged.

Genetic implications of phylogeographical patterns in the conservation of the boreal wetland butterfly Colias palaeno (Pieridae)

The most parsimonious interpretation for the results is the existence of a continuous Wurm glacial distribution in Central Europe, with secondary disjunction during the Last Glacial Maximum into a south-western and a north-eastern fragment and subsequent moderate differentiation.

One Species, Three Pleistocene Evolutionary Histories: Phylogeography of the Italian Crested Newt, Triturus carnifex

The phylogeographic structure observed within T. carnifex and divergence time estimates among its lineages, suggest that responses to Pleistocene environmental changes in this single species have been as diverse as those found previously among several codistributed temperate species combined.

Northern richness and cryptic refugia: phylogeography of the Italian smooth newt Lissotriton vulgaris meridionalis

The phylogeographical structure and the evolutionary history of the Italian smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris meridionalis, is investigated, suggesting an unprecedented scenario involving long-term survival of distinct evolutionary lineages in multiple northern Mediterranean refugia.

03. Taxonomic status of the Rana sauteri complex: discordance between genetic and morphological traits

It is argued that LTR is a phenotypically plastic trait related to stream current determined by elevation and monsoon rainfalls, and concluded that R. sauteri is the sole representative species, with R. multiderticulata being its synonym.



Mitochondrial phylogeography of the moor frog, Rana arvalis

The geographical distribution and genealogical relationships between haplotypes from the AI lineage indicate that this group had two glacial refugia, one located in the eastern part of the CB and the other probably in southern Russia.

Pre-pleistocene refugia and differentiation between populations of the caucasian salamander (Mertensiella caucasica).

A 350-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene was sequenced in the Caucasian salamander, Mertensiella caucasica, representing 10 populations from across its range along the Black Sea coast, showing parallel patterns in body proportions and coloration patterns.

Phylogeography of field voles (Microtus agrestis) in Eurasia inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences

High levels of mtDNA variation indicate relatively large population sizes and subdivisions within phylogeographic groups during the last glaciation of the field vole, and a possible new suture zone in east Europe.


The crested newt has a widespread European distribution and encompasses four taxa recently elevated to full species; the levels of divergence found concur with the systematics of the group, but the differentiation within T. carnifex and T. karelini is notable.

Holarctic phylogeography of the root vole (Microtus oeconomus): implications for late Quaternary biogeography of high latitudes

A species‐wide phylogeographical study of the root vole (Microtus oeconomus) was performed using the whole 1140 base pair mitochondrial (mt) cytochrome b gene. We examined 83 specimens from 52

MtDNA phylogeography of the California newt, Taricha torosa (Caudata, Salamandridae).

Thirty-six individuals of the California newt, Taricha torosa, representing 22 populations from throughout the range of the two currently recognized subspecies, torosa and sierrae, were examined for

Speciation of Iberian diving beetles in Pleistocene refugia (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)

For some taxa Iberian populations were isolated during the Pleistocene long enough to speciate, and apparently did not expand their ranges to recolonize areas north of the Pyrenees, in contradiction to observations from fossil beetles in areas further north.

Intraspecific allozymatic differentiation reveals the glacial refugia and the postglacial expansions of European Erebia medusa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Allozyme analysis of Erebia medusa over large regions of Europe revealed a significant population differentiation and it is likely for the western lineage that its ice-age distribution showed at least one disjunction in late Wurm with the consequence of further genetic differentiation.

The molecular phylogenetics of endangerment: cryptic variation and historical phylogeography of the California tiger salamander, Ambystoma californiense

The results of a range‐wide survey of genetic variation in the California tiger salamander are presented, as well as a summary of the past several million years of inundation and isolation of the Great Central Valley and surrounding uplands that constitute its limited range.