Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe

  title={Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe},
  author={Martin B. Richards and Vincent Macaulay and H.‐J. Bandelt and Bryan C. Sykes},
  journal={Annals of Human Genetics},
For most of the past century, prehistorians have had to rely on the fossil and archaeological records in order to reconstruct the past. In the last few decades, this evidence has been substantially supplemented from classical human genetics. More recently, phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences that incorporate geographical information have provided a high‐resolution tool for the investigation of prehistoric demographic events, such as founder effects and population expansions. These events can… 

Ancient DNA Reveals Prehistoric Gene-Flow from Siberia in the Complex Human Population History of North East Europe

Comparing genetic data from ancient and modern-day populations revealed significant changes in the mitochondrial makeup of North East Europeans through time, which suggests an important role of post-Mesolithic migrations from Western Europe and subsequent population replacement/extinctions.

Population resequencing of European mitochondrial genomes highlights sex-bias in Bronze Age demographic expansions

A population-based resequencing of complete mitochondrial genomes in Europe and the Middle East, in 340 samples from 17 populations for which Y-chromosome sequence data are also available, emphasizes the sex-biased nature of recent demographic transitions in Europe.

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Mitochondrial DNA signals of late glacial recolonization of Europe from near eastern refugia.

Ancient DNA as a Means to Investigate the European Neolithic

interpretation of the processes responsible for current domestic haplogroup frequencies should be carried out with caution if based only on contemporary data because they do not only tell their own story, but also that of humans.

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Mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome diversity and the peopling of the Americas: Evolutionary and demographic evidence

  • T. SchurrS. Sherry
  • Biology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2004
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The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs.

It is shown that the main indigenous North African cluster is a sister group to the most ancient cluster of European mtDNAs, from which it diverged approximately 50,000 years ago.



The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs.

It is shown that the main indigenous North African cluster is a sister group to the most ancient cluster of European mtDNAs, from which it diverged approximately 50,000 years ago.

Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.

Mitochondrial DNA variation and the origin of the Europeans

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Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa.

Eurasian sequences are derived from essentially one sequence within this ancient cluster, even though a diverse mitochondrial pool was present in Africa at the time.

mtDNA analysis reveals a major late Paleolithic population expansion from southwestern to northeastern Europe.

This analysis revealed that a major Paleolithic population expansion from the "Atlantic zone" (southwestern Europe) occurred 10,000-15,000 years ago, after the Last Glacial Maximum, with haplogroup V, an autochthonous European haplogroups most likely originated in the northern Iberian peninsula or southwestern France at about the time of the Younger Dryas.

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Reappraising mtDNA control region sequences from aboriginal Siberians and Native Americans confirms in agreement with linguistic, archaeological and climatic evidence that the major wave of migration brought one population, ancestral to the Amerinds, from northeastern Siberia to America 20,000-25,000 years ago.

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Mean pairwise differences suggest that a demographic expansion occurred sequentially in the Middle East, through Turkey, to the rest of Europe (Bulgaria included), and would correspond to the arrival of anatomically modern humans in Europe.

Genetic diversity in the Iberian Peninsula determined from mitochondrial sequence analysis

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