Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity

  title={Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity},
  author={Ross Barnett and Beth Shapiro and Ian Barnes and Simon Y. W. Ho and Joachim Burger and Nobuyuki Yamaguchi and Thomas F.G. Higham and H Todd Wheeler and Wilfried Rosendahl and Andrei V. Sher and Marina V. Sotnikova and Tatiana V. Kuznetsova and Gennady F. Baryshnikov and Larry D. Martin and Charles R. Harington and James Alexander Scott Burns and Alan Cooper},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
Lions were the most widespread carnivores in the late Pleistocene, ranging from southern Africa to the southern USA, but little is known about the evolutionary relationships among these Pleistocene populations or the dynamics that led to their extinction. Using ancient DNA techniques, we obtained mitochondrial sequences from 52 individuals sampled across the present and former range of lions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed three distinct clusters: (i) modern lions, Panthera leo; (ii) extinct… 
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  • M. Meiri, A. Lister, I. Barnes
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2014
A combination of ancient DNA, 14C dating, hydrogen and oxygen isotopes, and collagen sequencing is used to explore the colonization history of one of the few other large mammals to have successfully migrated into the Americas at this time: the North American elk (Cervus elaphus canadensis).


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Out of America: Ancient DNA Evidence for a New World Origin of Late Quaternary Woolly Mammoths
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Dynamics of Pleistocene Population Extinctions in Beringian Brown Bears
Researchers studied genetic change in the brown bear, Ursus arctos, in eastern Beringia over the past 60,000 years using DNA preserved in permafrost remains to investigate the evolutionary impact of climatic and environmental changes associated with the last glaciation.
Genetic Structure and Extinction of the Woolly Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius
Evolution, Systematics, and Phylogeography of Pleistocene Horses in the New World: A Molecular Perspective
It is shown that stilt-legged horses, commonly regarded as Old World migrants related to the hemionid asses of Asia, were in fact an endemic North American lineage, and the data suggest that there were fewer horse species in late Pleistocene North America than have been named on morphological grounds.
Evolution of the mane and group-living in the lion ( Panthera leo ): a review
The evolutionary history of the lion Panthera leo began in Pliocene east Africa, as open habitats expanded towards the end of the Cenozoic. During the middle–late Pleistocene, lions spread to most
Patterns of Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions in Europe and northern Asia
This paper summarizes the results so far of our ‘Late Quaternary Megafaunal Extinctions’ project, focussing on an assessment of latest available dates for selected target species from Europe and
Phylogeny of the great cats (Felidae: Pantherinae), and the influence of fossil taxa and missing characters
  • P. Christiansen
  • Biology, Geography
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2008
This study presents the results of a cladistic study encompassing 45 osteological and dental characters in the skull and mandible, as well as 13 soft‐tissue and behavioural characters, which show the clouded leopard is the most basal pantherine, followed by the snow leopard.
Pleistocene remains of the lion-like cat (Panthera atrox) from the Yukon Territory and northern Alaska
Skull and forelimb fragments of the large, extinct cat (Panthera atrox) from Pleistocene sediments in the Dawson area, Yukon Territory, are the first records of the species for Canada. A further