Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity

@article{Barnett2009PhylogeographyOL,
  title={Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity},
  author={Ross Barnett and Beth Shapiro and Ian Barnes and Simon Y. W. Ho and Joachim Burger and Nobuyuki Yamaguchi and Thomas F.G. Higham and H Todd Wheeler and Wilfried Rosendahl and Andrei V. Sher and Marina V. Sotnikova and Tatiana V. Kuznetsova and Gennady F. Baryshnikov and Larry D. Martin and Charles R. Harington and James Alexander Scott Burns and Alan Cooper},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2009},
  volume={18}
}
Lions were the most widespread carnivores in the late Pleistocene, ranging from southern Africa to the southern USA, but little is known about the evolutionary relationships among these Pleistocene populations or the dynamics that led to their extinction. Using ancient DNA techniques, we obtained mitochondrial sequences from 52 individuals sampled across the present and former range of lions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed three distinct clusters: (i) modern lions, Panthera leo; (ii) extinct… 
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