Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in europe.

@article{Rootsi2004PhylogeographyOY,
  title={Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in europe.},
  author={S. Rootsi and C. Magri and T. Kivisild and G. Benuzzi and H. Help and M. Bermisheva and I. Kutuev and L. Bar{\'a}c and M. Peri{\vc}i{\'c} and O. Balanovsky and A. Pshenichnov and D. Dion and Monica A. Grobei and L. Zhivotovsky and V. Battaglia and A. Achilli and N. Al-Zahery and J. Parik and R. King and Cengiz Cinnioğlu and E. Khusnutdinova and P. Rudan and E. Balanovska and W. Scheffrahn and M. Simonescu and A. Brehm and R. Gonçalves and A. Rosa and J. Moisan and A. Chaventr{\'e} and V. Fer{\'a}k and S. F{\"u}redi and P. Oefner and P. Shen and L. Beckman and I. Mikerezi and R. Terzi{\'c} and D. Primorac and A. Cambon-Thomsen and A. Krūmiņa and A. Torroni and P. Underhill and A. Santachiara‐Benerecetti and R. Villems and O. Semino},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  year={2004},
  volume={75 1},
  pages={
          128-37
        }
}
To investigate which aspects of contemporary human Y-chromosome variation in Europe are characteristic of primary colonization, late-glacial expansions from refuge areas, Neolithic dispersals, or more recent events of gene flow, we have analyzed, in detail, haplogroup I (Hg I), the only major clade of the Y phylogeny that is widespread over Europe but virtually absent elsewhere. The analysis of 1,104 Hg I Y chromosomes, which were identified in the survey of 7,574 males from 60 population… Expand
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