Phylogeography of Ticks (Acari: Ixodida).

@article{Bati2019PhylogeographyOT,
  title={Phylogeography of Ticks (Acari: Ixodida).},
  author={Lorenza B{\'e}ati and Hans Klompen},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
  year={2019},
  volume={64},
  pages={
          379-397
        }
}
Improved understanding of tick phylogeny has allowed testing of some biogeographical patterns. On the basis of both literature data and a meta-analysis of available sequence data, there is strong support for a Gondwanan origin of Ixodidae, and probably Ixodida. A particularly strong pattern is observed for the genus Amblyomma, which appears to have originated in Antarctica/southern South America, with subsequent dispersal to Australia. The endemic Australian lineages of Ixodidae (no other… 
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