Phylogeographic evidence for two species of muriqui (genus Brachyteles)

@article{Chaves2019PhylogeographicEF,
  title={Phylogeographic evidence for two species of muriqui (genus Brachyteles)},
  author={Paulo B Chaves and Tielli Magnus and Leandro Jerusalinsky and Maur{\'i}cio Talebi and Karen B. Strier and Paula Breves and Fernanda P. Tabacow and Rodrigo H. F. Teixeira and Leandro Santana Moreira and Robson Odeli Esp{\'i}ndola Hack and Adriana Milagres and Alcides Pissinatti and Fabiano Rodrigues de Melo and Cec{\'i}lia Pessutti and S{\'e}rgio Lucena Mendes and Tereza Cristina Castellano Margarido and Val{\'e}ria Fagundes and Anthony Di Fiore and Sandro L. Bonatto},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
  year={2019},
  volume={81}
}
The taxonomy of muriquis, the largest extant primates in the New World, is controversial. While some specialists argue for a monotypic genus (Brachyteles arachnoides), others favor a two‐species classification, splitting northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) from southern muriquis (B. arachnoides). This uncertainty affects how we study the differences between these highly endangered and charismatic primates, as well as the design of more effective conservation programs. To address this… 
4 Citations
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TLDR
The morphologic phylogenetic analysis shows that Brachyteles is more closely related to Lagothrix than to Ateles, suggesting that the postcranial similarities between muriquis and spider monkeys could be a plesiomorphic condition in Atelidae, and the arboreal quadrupedalism of Alouatta andlagothrix evolved convergently in alouattines and atelines.
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TLDR
The genetic diversity of two northern muriqui populations were genetically structured with a high fixation index and seem to indicate that the populations are distinct management units, possibly due to historical subdivision.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
An environmental suitability model for the two endangered species of muriqui (Brachyteles hypoxanthus and B. arachnoides) is developed using Maxent software and it is evident that rivers are potential dispersal barriers for the muriquis.
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