Phylogeographic analysis of haplogroup E3b (E-M215) y chromosomes reveals multiple migratory events within and out of Africa.

@article{Cruciani2004PhylogeographicAO,
  title={Phylogeographic analysis of haplogroup E3b (E-M215) y chromosomes reveals multiple migratory events within and out of Africa.},
  author={F. Cruciani and Roberta La Fratta and P. Santolamazza and D. Sellitto and R. Pascone and P. Moral and E. Watson and V. Guida and Eliane Beraud Colomb and B. Zaharova and J. Lavinha and G. Vona and R. Aman and F. Cal{\`i} and N. Akar and M. Richards and A. Torroni and A. Novelletto and R. Scozzari},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  year={2004},
  volume={74 5},
  pages={
          1014-22
        }
}
We explored the phylogeography of human Y-chromosomal haplogroup E3b by analyzing 3401 individuals from five continents. Our data refine the phylogeny of the entire haplogroup, which appears as a collection of lineages with very different evolutionary histories, and reveal signatures of several distinct processes of migrations and/or recurrent gene flow that occurred in Africa and western Eurasia over the past 25000 years. In Europe, the overall frequency pattern of haplogroup E-M78 does not… Expand
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