Phylogeny of thePolygalaceae and its taxonomic implications

  title={Phylogeny of thePolygalaceae and its taxonomic implications},
  author={Bente Eriksen},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
  • B. Eriksen
  • Published 1 March 1993
  • Biology
  • Plant Systematics and Evolution
The phylogeny of thePolygalaceae is analysed cladistically. The two tribesXanthophylleae andMoutabeae are maintained in their former circumscription while a new tribe, theCarpolobieae, comprising the African generaCarpolobia andAtroxima is detached from thePolygaleae. Within thePolygaleae, the generaPolygala andMonnina appears to be polyphyletic. It is concluded thatMonnina subg.Monninopsis andM. subg.Pterocarya are better recognized as independent genera, here described asAncylotropis… 

A Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomic Notes in Caamembeca (Polygalaceae)

A phylogenetic analysis of 11 species of Caamembeca based on nrITS, matK, thetrnL intron, and trnL-trnF intergenic spacer is presented, providing an improved understanding of the genus.

Polemoniaceae endémicas del Perú

  • B. León
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 2013
Cantua is the genus with the largest number of endemic species, and it requires a modern taxonomic evaluation.

Heterosamarasect.Villosospermacomb. nov. (Polygalaceae) from eastern Asia

Three species of Polygala L. (Polygalaceae) are transferred to the genus Heterosamara Kuntze based on plant morphology, habitat, and palynological features, and the seeds of these three species present very distinctive features within the genera, sections and species studied.

A revision of the tropical white-flowered species of Comesperma (Polygalaceae) in Australia

A key to all 10 tropically distributed Comesperma species, including two non-white flowered species, is given.

Evolution of mycoheterotrophy in Polygalaceae: The case of Epirixanthes.

The phylogenetic relationships of Epirixanthes are reconstructed and it is found that Epirxanthes is placed in tribe Polygaleae as sister to Salomonia, which suggests its evolution was influenced by the environmental dynamics in Southeast Asia during this time.

A new species of Polygala L. (Polygalaceae) from south-west Anatolia

Polygala peshmenii is described and illustrated as a new species from Antalya province in south-west Anatolia, Turkey and seems to be taxonomically quite isolated.

Brassicaceae endémicas del Perú

34 endemic taxa in 12 genera are recognized, found mainly in the Very Humid and Dry Puna, and High-Andean regions, growing above 3000 m elevation, of the Brasicaceae.

Melastomataceae endémicas del Perú

Miconia is the genus with the largest number of endemic species, in 26 genera, and endemic Melastomataceae are found mainly in Very Humid Montane, very Humid Premontane Forests and Humid Lowland Amazonian Forests regions.

Euphorbiaceae endémicas del Perú

Endemic Euphorbiaceae are found in several regions, including Humid Lowland Amazonian Forests, Mesoandean and Very Humid Montaneforests, between 110 and 3200 m elevation.

Polygala guilanica (Polygalaceae), a new species from Guilan Province, N Iran

A new species, Polygala guilanica (Polygalaceae), is described from Kooh-Roubar, Gasht-Roodkhan protected area in W Guilan province, N Iran, based on its prostrate stem and tiny pink-white flowers in lax terminal racemes.



Floral anatomy and morphology in thePolygalaceae

  • B. Eriksen
  • Medicine
    Plant Systematics and Evolution
  • 2004
It is concluded that present taxonomy, in particular the tribal system, needs to be reviewed and similarities and differences in vascularization in the Polygalaceae family are concluded.


The genus Qualea is found in tropical South America, particularly in the Hylaea and in the Extra Amazonian part of the Brazilian mainland and comprises 59 species, many of which are forest trees occurring in the Amazonian basin.

Systematics and evolution of Xanthophyllum (Polygalaceae)

It is shown that Australia must have been the centre of origin of the genus Xanthophyllum, and it has been concluded that the Polygalaceae are derived from the Malpighiaceae- Vochysi Families-Trigoniaceae-complex and Xanthopyllum belongs to a derived tribe of thePolygalaceae.

A monograph of the Vochysiaceae. IV. Erisma

The genus Erisma is found in the Amazonian basin and in the Guianas; it comprises 16 species as defined in this paper, all of them typical Hylaean forest trees. The genus was first described by RUDGE


The genus Callisthene is found in the Extra Amazonian part of the Brazilian mainland, particularly in the zone of the campos and in the adjacent parts of Bolivia, and comprises eight species, which can stand after careful studies of the complete type material.

Wood Anatomy of Xanthophyllum Roxb

Xanthophyllumfragrans from North Queensland has the longest vessel members and fibres of the genus, which may support the allopolyploid origin of this species.


By the use of numerical indices as well as such indicators as helical thickening and presence of vascular tracheids, wood of Tremandraceae is shown to be highly xeromorphic, although wood is only a preliminary indicator.

On the relationships of Emblingia

Emblingia resembles Scaevola in general habit and hair type; the trimerous ovary, stigmatic vascular brush, and reniform seeds with curved embryos and complex vascular supply also suggest an affinity with Goodeniaceae.